Chapter 8 - Gender.pptx - SOC 100 Chapter 8 TYLER ANDERSON...

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SOC 100: Chapter 8 TYLER ANDERSON PURDUE UNIVERSITY
Sociology and gender For most, gender is biological Sociologists view gender as a social construction gendered behaviors are created and maintained through social interactions Children are socialized at birth to fall into certain gender roles Source: The History of Pink for Girls, Blue for Boys
Sociology and gender When discussing gender, it’s important to understand the difference between sex, sexuality, and gender Sex refers to the biological differences that distinguish individuals Sexuality refers to one’s sexual desires, preferences, identity, and behaviors Gender the social position that one occupies based on social expectations
Sex as a process We need to embrace a more expansive definition of sex that goes beyond two rigid categories
Sex in the pre-modern world The binary notion of gender is a rather recent development It wasn’t until recent history that the “one-sex” concept of these differences was replaced with a two-sex model
Contemporary concepts of sex Essentialism refers to the idea that social phenomena stems from natural phenomena Not fluid; based in biological determinism (the idea that your social identity stems from your biology) Sociologists do not believe that biology dictates social behavior
Sociology and gender In sociology, we say that people “do” gender That is, people preform gender on a daily basis by engaging in the behaviors that society associates with their sex
Gender roles We tend to think of gender as a distinction between men and women Gender is much more fluid and ambiguous Gender roles are the sets of behaviors that we associate with being male or female
Discussion question How have gender roles become so ingrained in our society? Is the view that these roles are “natural” a good or a bad thing?
Gender roles across cultures While we see gender as something that is “natural,” roles vary across cultures “two spirit” individuals in Navajo culture Hijra in India Often these third genders include a number of other behaviors, expectations, and stigmas
Gender differences today Women today often work hard to attain the ideals that they feel are expected of them Images in media and broader society project a “norm” for women to adhere to Women had approx. 8.6 million cosmetic procedures in 2010 Along with looks, the behavioral expectations of women are als o changing
Gender differences today Men are also subject to societal expectations about looks and behavior Hegemonic masculinity The idea that masculinity goes largely unnoticed

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