SAR Final draft

SAR Final draft - Nikolai Fedorchak 1 SAR To really learn quit studying and take a test The information presented in this article has uses for

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Nikolai Fedorchak 1 April 23, 2011 SAR: “To really learn, quit studying and take a test” The information presented in this article has uses for educational strategies used by teachers and anyone involved in teaching students. It also has several implications for cognitive scientists researching how the mind works and how we change access to our memories using accurate retrieval mechanisms. Dr. Robert Bjork, a psychologist at the University of California, summarized it best: “What we recall becomes more recallable in the future. In a sense you are practicing what you are going to need to do later (Bjork, 1975).” During my reflection of this study, I thought about my training in martial arts. When other students and I practiced, the instructors would direct us to practice kicks and punches for ten’s of minutes each practice session. Multiple practice sessions would be held each week for as long as the student wished to practice. As students kept training for months and years refining their technique they would soon develop what is known to martial arts practitioners as “muscle memory.” By staging mock sparing matches, students would further refine their technique as they learned what they did and did not yet refine. These sparing matches are analogous to the “retrieval practice” tests discussed in the article. When they would practice kicking later on (analogous to the re-visitation of the subject material described in the article by the “retrieval practice” test group), they would in their mind refine how their body should complete the particular action they were instructed to do. This could be throwing a kick, completing an appropriate block, or keeping their balance after a difficult kicking maneuver. Mood-congruency may influence how the student reacts to the test later after having been exposed to the mock examination (Terry, 2009). Researchers of the study admit that students experience stress during the testing. Dealing with this stress during the “practice retrieval” test
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Nikolai Fedorchak 2 April 23, 2011 may help the student deal with the stress during the actual test. The habituation to the stress
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This note was uploaded on 09/26/2011 for the course PSYCH 313 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Iowa State.

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SAR Final draft - Nikolai Fedorchak 1 SAR To really learn quit studying and take a test The information presented in this article has uses for

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