Womens+Footballing+Bodies - Sociology of Sport Journal,...

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371 Sociology of Sport Journal, 2003 , 20 , 371-386 © 2003 Human Kinetics Publishers, Inc. Sporting Gender: Women’s Footballing Bodies As Sites/Sights for the (Re) Articulation of Sex, Gender, and Desire Jayne Caudwell Leeds Metropolitan University Past and present participation in the game of football (soccer) by women and girls in the UK is mostly through organizational structures and legal and discursive practices that differen- tiate players by sex and incidentally gender. In this article, the author argues that the empha- sis on sex and gender differentiation in football underpins a sporting system that is unable to move beyond sex as pregiven and the sex/gender distinction. The author engages with femi- nist–queer theory to illustrate how sex, gender, and desire are regulated in order to uphold social relations of power. The focus on women’s footballing bodies demonstrates how the sexed body is socially constructed to inform gender and sexuality. In addition, the author highlights resistance to the compulsory order woman-feminine-heterosexual and presents examples of rearticulations of sex-gender-desire. Au Royaume-Uni, la participation passée et présente en soccer féminin est surtout le fait de structures organisationnelles et de pratiques discursives et légales qui différencient les joueurs selon leur sexe et, incidemment, leur genre. Dans cet article, l’auteur suggère que l’accent placé sur la différenciation de sexe et de genre en soccer sous-tend un système sportif qui ne peut dépasser la distinction sexe/genre ou le sexe, comme élément a priori. À partir de la théorie féministe et «queer», l’auteur illustre comment le sexe, le genre et le désir sont régulés de façon à soutenir les relations sociales de pouvoir. Le fait de se centrer sur le corps des joueuses démontre comment le corps sexué est construit socialement pour informer le genre et la sexualité. De plus, l’auteur mets l’accent sur la résistance au trio obligatoire femme-féminine-hétérosexuelle et présente des exemples de nouvelles expressions du sexe- genre-désir. This article explores the openings of a deconstruction of the compulsory order sex-gender-desire might offer sport feminists. (Here desire is used to indi- cate sexuality.) The discussions that follow question the usefulness of the sex/ gender distinction and offer an opening for a move beyond the idea that sex is “natural” and pregiven. A queer-feminist approach is taken to analyze practice that upholds the sporting system of sex-gender differentiation in football contexts in England and Wales. First, I highlight and critique the ways social and discursive practices regu- late and formulate “women’s” sexed-gendered bodies. This involves an engage- ment with the body as a social construct and a focus on how sex-gender-desire are ordered. More specifically, I offer an exploration of the regulatory practices that The author is with the School of Leisure and Sport Studies at Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds, LS1 3HE, UK.
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Womens+Footballing+Bodies - Sociology of Sport Journal,...

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