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Bordieu - Sociology of Sport Journal 2006 23 162-188 2006...

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162 The author is with the Qualitative Research Unit in the School of Sport and Health Sciences at the University of Exeter, St. Lukes Campus, Exeter, Devon, UK, EX1 2LU. Sociology of Sport Journal, 2006, 23 , 162-188 © 2006 Human Kinetics, Inc. Pierre Bourdieu’s “Masculine Domination” Thesis and the Gendered Body in Sport and Physical Culture David Brown University of Exeter This paper explores the central thesis of one of Pierre Bourdieu ʼ s last texts before his death in 2001, La Domination Masculine (1999). This text was subsequently translated and published in English in 2001 as Masculine Domination . I present the view that this text is not merely his only sustained commentary on gender relations but a potentially important intellectual contribution to the way in which we might view the embodiment of gender relations in sport and physical culture. Accordingly, I examine Bourdieu ʼ s relational thesis of masculine domination as a three-part process of observation, somatization, and naturalization. I then give consideration to how sociologists of sport might use such critical analytical tools to render more transparent what Bourdieu refers to as the “illusio” of this phenomenon that is constructed by the practical everyday embodied enactments of gender relations in sport and physical culture. Cet article explore la thèse centrale d ʼ un des derniers textes de Pierre Bourdieu publiés avant sa mort en 2001, soit La domination masculine (sorti en 1999 puis traduit et publié en anglais en 2001). Je suggère que ce texte ne constitue pas simplement son commentaire sur les relations de sexe/genre mais plutôt une contribution potentiellement importante à la façon dont nous pouvons voir l ʼ incorporation (« embodiment ») des relations de sexe/genre en sport et plus largement dans la culture physique. J ʼ examine donc la thèse de Bourdieu sur la domination masculine en tant que processus comportant trois parties soit l ʼ observation, la somatisation et la naturalisation. Je considère ensuite comment les sociologues du sport peuvent utiliser ces outils d ʼ analyse critique pour rendre plus apparent ce que Bourdieu appelle l ʼ « illusio » de ce phénomène construit par le biais des comportements quotidiens qui incorporent les relations de sexe/genre en sport et en culture physique. In recent years, Pierre Bourdieu ʼ s conceptual work has attracted considerable interest among scholars of the sociology of sport, physical culture, and physical education (see, e.g., Brown, 2005; Clement, 1995; Gorely, Holroyd, & Kirk, 2003; 04Brown(162).indd 162 04Brown(162).indd 162 5/17/06 7:27:22 AM 5/17/06 7:27:22 AM
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Bourdieu’s “Masculine Domination” Thesis 163 Jarvie & Maguire, 1994; Kay & Laberge, 2002; Kew, 1986; Light & Kirk, 2000; Tomlinson, 2004; Zevenbergen, Edwards, & Skinner, 2002). Indeed, the interest shown in Bourdieu ʼ s work by sport sociologists has been both preempted and reciprocated by Bourdieu himself whose writing has periodically devoted speci fi c attention to the “ fi eld” of sport and physical culture (Bourdieu, 1978, 1992, 1999a).
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