Giulianotti_2009_Risk+and+Sport

Giulianotti_2009_Risk+and+Sport - 540 The author is with...

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Unformatted text preview: 540 The author is with the School of Applied Social Science, University of Durham, Durham, United Kingdom. Sociology of Sport Journal, 2009, 26, 540-556 2009 Human Kinetics, Inc. Risk and Sport: An Analysis of Sociological Theories and Research Agendas Richard Giulianotti University of Durham Risk has been a prominent keyword in public and academic spheres since the early 1990s. Discourses of risk assessment and management now underpin a vast range of professional, social and political domains, from the planning of childrens leisure to global diplomacy on nuclear proliferation. Similar to cultural and global turns, we may speak of a risk turn that marks an epistemological and ontological step-change from the early 1990s onwards in social sciences. Le risque a t un mot cl crucial dans les sciences sociales depuis la fin des annes 1980 mme si la thorie du risque a depuis t sous-utilise en sociologie du sport. Cet article contribue remplir ce foss en examinant de faon critique diffrents types de thorie du risque et la faon dont ils peuvent tre dvelopps et utiliss par des sociologues du sport. Quatre catgories de thorisations du risque sont examines : 1) le calcul du risque, 2) les thmes de risque dans lhdonisme, le volontarisme et la transcendance, 3) le risque et les (sous)cultures et 4) le risque et la modernisation. Chaque catgorie contient plusieurs types de thorisation. Par le biais de cette discussion, cet article explore les crits dminents thoriciens sociaux et de chercheurs dans le champ du risque, notamment Baudrillard, Beck, Douglas, Foucault, Lash, Luhmann, Lyng, Rose, Slovic, Tulloch et Wynne. Larticle se conclut en suggrant une synthse conceptuelle de Beck et Foucault, et en explorant la faon dont les tendances futures dans lanalyse du risque pourraient influer sur la sociologie du sport. In the sociology of sport, risk analysis has been used in the investigation of particular topics. The most extensive engagements have examined extreme, high-risk or adventure sports, with reference to themes such as social psychological motivation and societal transformation (e.g., LeBreton, 2000; Lyng, 1990, 2005, 2008), and cultural identities and social stratification (Coleman, 2002; Fletcher, 2008; Kay & Laberge, 2002). Arguably, some explorations of extreme and lifestyle sports have deployed risk as a taken-for-granted term, displaying relatively little engagement with social scientific theorizations of risk (cf. Rinehart & Sydnor, 2003; Wheaton, 2004). Elsewhere, studies of athlete violence, pain and injury have drawn varyingly upon risk themes, though rarely upon risk theory per se (e.g., Donnelly, 540 Risk and Sport 541 2004; Howe, 2003; McTear, 1994; Pike & Maguire, 2003; Young, 1993). Perhaps most notably, the Sociology of Sport Journal has been a prominent venue for risk- informed analyses of sport and class, gender, childhood and fitness...
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This note was uploaded on 09/27/2011 for the course ARTS AND S 90:101:59 taught by Professor Markschuster during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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Giulianotti_2009_Risk+and+Sport - 540 The author is with...

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