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Intro to Psych, Modules 26 and 27

Intro to Psych, Modules 26 and 27 - Memory Modules 26 27...

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Memory: Modules 26 & 27 Memory o Memory – learning that persists over time. o Memory is typically divided into several categories o In order to remember, we must: encode store retrieve o Video: Clive Wearing, Life without Memory Memory Types o According to Atkinson & Shiffrin, we have: Sensory unlimited capacity very limited duration iconic = visual, echoic = auditory, haptic = touch Short-term limited capacity longer duration than sensory Long-term unlimited capacity unlimited duration Sensory Memory (GET FROM BOOK) Encoding o Although we process some things unconsciously, most things require attention to be encoded into memory. Automatic Processing o Space – we automatically process information about the spatial relations amongst objects o Time – we automatically process information about the sequence of events o Frequency – we automatically track how often something happens o Well-learned information – we automatically read because reading is a well-learned skill How do we encode? o Baddeley-Hitch Model
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Effortful Processing o Rehearsal – conscious repetition of new information o
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