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Unformatted text preview: need. o Homeostasis is the maintenance of a constant internal state Body-temperature regulation o Incentives can be positive (making us want that thing) or negative (making us avoid it) o The combination of a need and an incentive gives us strong motivation for a behavior Optimum Arousal o Some behaviors increase arousal rather than reducing it by meeting a need. o When physiological needs are met, we want to explore and gain information Monkeys will try to open latches that lead to nothing Babies explore the whole house o Too much arousal is stressful, so we seek to decrease it o We are motivated to strike a balance between boredom and stress Hierarchy of Motives o Some needs take priority over others o Maslow’s hierarchy of needs o The order is not absolutely fixed...
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- Fall '10
- optimum arousal