Intro to Psych, Module 28

Intro to Psych, Module 28 - Memory: Module 28 In order to...

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Memory: Module 28 In order to remember, we have to: o Encode the information Space, time, frequency, and well-learned information are all processed mostly automatically (Stroop task) Everything else requires EFFORTFUL PROCESSING (rehearsal) Distributed practice > Mass practice Repeated testing improves memory Primacy and Recency effects (shake up the order of studied material) Levels of Processing – deeper processing improves memory encode meaning, encode visual images, mentally organize Self-Reference – relate it to yourself o Store the information o Recall the information Types of Memory o Types differ on: how long they last ( duration ) how much they can hold ( capacity ) Sensory Memory o Iconic – visual lasts less than half a second large capacity o Echoic – auditory lasts for 3 to 4 seconds large capacity o Haptic – touch lasts about 2 seconds large capacity Working Memory o Central Executive Controls the slave systems (sketchpad & loop) by directing attention and allocating resources
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Intro to Psych, Module 28 - Memory: Module 28 In order to...

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