anthro 3 - 2/20/2008 2:54:00 PM Ch. 11 Social order Legal o...

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20/02/2008 17:54:00 Ch. 11 Social order Legal anthropology o Law in postcolonial settings o Legal discourse in courtrooms o Critical legal anthropology o Law, human rights, and globalization Social control o Exists to ensure a certain degree of social conformity o Some people may resist conformity o Norms Laws are norms that are written down, enforced Social control in small scale societies o In foraging groups, formal laws are rare o Punishment is often through ridicule and shaming o Punishment is legitimized through belief in supernatural forces o Capital punishment is rare Social control in states o Increased specialization of roles involved in social control o Formal trials and courts
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o Power enforced forms of punishment such as prisons and the death  penalty Trial and courts o Trial by ordeal o Court system Social inequality and the law o Critical legal anthropologists examine the role of law in maintaining  power relationships through discrimination Social conflict Interpersonal conflict o Wide ranging: from verbal arguments to murder- coercive harmony  (pg. 289) o Between neighbors over resources or territory o Between neighbors over dogs Banditry o Socially patterned theft o Special social status gained from illegal activity o Example: Crete, sheep stealing, and male identity formation (young  man must steal a sheep to become a man.) Feuding  o Long-term, retributive violence o Headhunting and the llongot people o Some cultures experience more feuding because of economic change  – example: the village of Thull Ethnic conflict o Ethnic identities commit people to a cause
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2008 for the course ANTH 201 taught by Professor Dehaas during the Winter '08 term at Western Washington.

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anthro 3 - 2/20/2008 2:54:00 PM Ch. 11 Social order Legal o...

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