08262010 INTL3300

08262010 INTL3300 - August 26, 2010 Marxism Deep structures...

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August 26, 2010 Marxism “Deep structures” explain - Modes and relations of production When structures change, nature of society changes - Mode of production (base) – the “isms” of Feudalism all the way to Capitalism - Political institutions (superstrucutre) – absolutism to democracy - No individuals play a role; just structural, including society, fundementals Why did the state play a greater role in the process of industrialzation in some coutnries than in others? State plays much managerial role in trying to bring about industrialization – Russia, Germany, etc. Financial systems for certain industries Alexander Gerschenkron – timing of industrialization The stat helps late industrializers like Germany and Russia “catch up” to advanced countries like England Why does democracy emerge in some countries but not others? Barrington Moore, Jr. “No bourgeoisie, no democracy” No strong middle class (business/capitalist class), no democracy The emergence of a strong influential middle class explains the liberal democratic path of the UK and US Fascist and communist paths of Germany, Japan, and Russia explained by weakness of these countries' middle class Why are Northern countries more economically developed than Southern countries? Montesquieu – climate
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08262010 INTL3300 - August 26, 2010 Marxism Deep structures...

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