C02.Hardware_printable

C02.Hardware_printable - Hardware Hardware refers to the...

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Hardware refers to the tangible parts of computer systems and typically includes support for processing, storage, input, and output. Hardware • Processing • Storage • Input/Output (I/O) Concepts > Hardware In this section:
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Processing carries out the instructions provided by software using specially designed circuitry and a well-defined routine to transform data into useful outputs. Processing • Transistor • Integrated Circuit/Processor • Central Processing Unit Concepts > Hardware > Processing • Multicore Processor • Moore’s Law • Multiprocessing • Motherboard • Bus • Machine Cycle
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A transistor is an electronics component typically composed of silicon that opens or closes a circuit to alter the flow of electricity to store and manipulate bits. Transistor When electricity is flowing through a transistor, it represents a 1; when it is not flowing, it represents a 0. Concepts > Hardware > Transistor
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Integrated Circuit An integrated circuit (processor or chip) connects tiny transistors and other electronics components on a thin piece of semiconductive material such as silicon. Concepts > Hardware > Processing > Integrated Circuit
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Central Processing Unit The Central Processing Unit (CPU) is a group of circuits that perform the processing in a computer, typically in one integrated circuit called a microprocessor. Concepts > Hardware > Processing > Central Processing Unit
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Multi-Core Processor Multicore processors , such as dual core, triple core, or quad core processors, combine multiple CPUs on one chip to share the workload and speed up processing. Concepts > Hardware > Processing > Multi-Core Processor
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Moore’s Law Moore’s Law states that the number of transistors on a chip will double about every two years.
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C02.Hardware_printable - Hardware Hardware refers to the...

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