3.3.11 The Ideological Jefferson typed notes with voice over

3.3.11 The Ideological Jefferson typed notes with voice...

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A. Dominance of the Jeffersonians a. The “Virginia Dynasty” i. Thomas Jefferson (1801 – 1809) ii. James Madison (1809 – 1817) iii. James Monroe (1817 – 1825) B. Jefferson: the Man C. The Ideological Jefferson a. Participatory Democracy b. States Rights c. Limited Federal Authority d. Strict Construction of constitution e. Laissez Faire (Hands off) f. Agrarian society g. Separation of church and state h. Importance of education D. Radical Jefferson? a. Fear of the old federalist that the radical Jefferson who opposed Hamiltonian in almost every count and very rigidly opposed other things i. Thought he would change/ruin everything G.W. did ii. Thought he was radical b/c he was a liberal (opposed states quote and wanted to change) 1. Thought that he Didn’t want to change through constitution but revolution and violence a. Blood of tyrance and he wanted to shed ____ b. “The Tree of Liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of… Tyrants” c. “We are republicans… All Federalists ” i. Meant that we’re all Americans, this is the government of the American people
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ii. This isn’t the government of the federalist or liberals but the government of the people d. Over election i. Didn’t touch the banks 1. He thought this was unconstitutional but didn’t change them ii. Didn’t change tariffs 1. Didn’t like tariffs b/c didn’t believe iii. Reduced taxes the government could levy and reduced tariffs iv. Declared “pledged to have a peaceful form with foreign relations of the world” 1. He was a pacifist and didn’t believe in the use of violent to carry out the national ends of national interest 2. Wasn’t a radical pacifist but in a sense wasn’t someone to use violence as a governmental/personal tool 3. Last 2 years of John Adams he fought an undeclared war against France 4. England and France had declared a truce when Jefferson was president 5. 1805 American products could be transported peacefully w/ no harm e. “A little revolution every few years is good for democracy” i. Set new institutions ii. March 1801 = inauguration iii. Put fears into federalist f. Leaves Hamiltonian Measures in place g. Reduced expenditures and taxes h. Sought peaceful and foreign relations i. Reduce the military i. Didn’t want to give military authority to central government ii. Wanted military to defend the borders of the U.S. iii. But didn’t want to create an aggressive army like Europe iv. Didn’t want the army to tyrannize the people if a crazy president followed him
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v. Wanted a small military 1. Before president wanted to abolish the navy and didn’t think that a navy was necessary 2. This wouldn’t happen for specific circumstances E. Jefferson’s Presidency: a. Domestic Affairs: i. Marbury vs. Madison (1803): foundation precedence setting (legal situation) effected the relationship between the powers of government (legislative, Judiciary, executive) 1. Legal case taken b4 supreme court 2. Marbury was appointed as justice of the peace in Washington D.C.
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3.3.11 The Ideological Jefferson typed notes with voice...

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