3.8.11 The Age of Andrew Jackson with voice over

3.8.11 The Age of Andrew Jackson with voice over - The Age...

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The Age of Andrew Jackson A. Social and Political Change: 1815 – 1825 a. Rapid expansion of the “west”: New States b. 1776 – 1812: Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Louisiana c. 1816 – 1821: Indiana (1816), Mississippi (1817), Illinois (1818), Alabama (1819), Maine (1820*), Missouri (1821) d. Demographics of the 5 western states: i. 1810: 100,000 ii. 1820: 475,000 iii. 1830: 950,000 e. People took new ideas into the west/Characteristics of the West i. As new states were formed their political impact was significant as well ii. Ideas that westerners had, impacted other parts of the country iii. West had a dynamic influence on politics, attitudes, and institutions iv. Began to develop a better democratic feel in the west 1. The belief that the ppl. Had a much greater role and right to play a role on the political system 2. The ppl. Must have a direct role in choosing their government 3. Back east in old south the old elite classes controlled politics 4. The ppl. w/o land and status had no political power v. The frontier had no “elite group” but the power of the individual not the connections you had in family statues f. Pattern: there is a north state for ever southern state (non-slave, slave state) g. Growth in “Democratic” sentiments “rugged individualism” i. Individuals should make it on their own and not depend on others ii. Individual success should be measured by individual ability and efforts not family connections, aristocratic status, or privileges that dominated back east, and south east.
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iii. Sense of democratic rights prevailed in the American west iv. Created frame work of the elevation of American politics and a new class of ppl of importance: common man h. Rise of the “common man” i. Rise of the common woman (carries negative term) ii. Often called age of common man b/c men and males acquired more person prestige and more political power iii. It was men rather than men and women b/c women didn’t have the right to vote, hold public office etc iv. Political sense: women didn’t/couldn’t count v. The common man i. “universal manhood suffrage” i. American frontier that believed in the sense of democracy and that all male individuals had certain rights: participate in political affairs 1. Have right to choose officials, and power to be an official 2. Who had right to vote? a. Ppl of property one must had to have xx amount of land to be able to vote, if you didn’t have land you couldn’t vote b. Sometimes you had to be literate; be able to read, write, and have a degree of education c. A vast segment of the U.S. population was illiterate and landless d. And b/c elite made these rules the average person (N, middle colony, or S) was frozen out of the political process 3. Western frontier: everyman was just as good as the other 4. General saying: every WHITE man was just as good as the other WHITE man weather you’re from the N, W, S, or E that man should be able to vote 5. So there was a push to allowed men to vote
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3.8.11 The Age of Andrew Jackson with voice over - The Age...

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