3.24.11 The Matopm Comes Apart

3.24.11 The Matopm Comes Apart - The Matopm Comes Apart...

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The Matopm Comes Apart (1850 – 1860) A. Principal Elements of the Developing Crisis: a. The expansion of slavery i. created a weakness in the stability and unity of the U.S. b. declining national character of parties i. the u.S. HAD A 2 party system 1. the Whigs (Hamiltons) and the Democrats 2. numbers of ppl. belonging to these parties was about even although the democrats had won the past elections in 1848 Mexican War Hero Zachary Taylor was elected president in 1848 as a whig ii. democrat party began to solidify itself more and more in the south with significant numbers of democrats in the north iii. Whigs were focused largely in the North 1. There were still a small number in the south 2. the balance of power: Whigs = North; Democrats = south iv. Grinding Q about slavery caused a polarization v. no national political parties = aking for deviciveness and conflict vi. divisions between sections 1. largely north and north west south and south west were the states rights c. growing refusal to compromise B. continuing No/So sectional divisions over: a. States Rights i. much stronger in south ii. difference of e iii. north = commercial and industrial and south = agricultural, far less large commercial b. industrial vs. agricultural interests c. “internal improvements”
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i. tied to Hamiltonian policies and popular to Whigs in north ii. at federal expense of the southern goal was not as attrtactive d. tariffs i. Whigs wanted a strong tariff in the north to protect the U.S. e. Land Prices i. South wanted cheap land in terms of federal lands available for sale so the great land owners could buy more land ii. Northern industrial states wanted high land prices to keep the labor supply high in the Industry f. Slavery and its expansion i. Became increasingly conflict C. Conflicting Interests Seen in a. Missouri Compromise b. U.S. Mexican War c. Wilmot Proviso i. the U.S. didn’t’ want new free states d. Popular Sovereignty i. revealed more distinctly that were were differences of opinion so let ppl. decide e. Compromise of 1850 i. almost provoked secession and Civil War D. A Decade of controversy a. Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1850) i. Harriet Beecher Stowe 1. from Massachusetts and was married 2. member of an abolitionist family that wasnted to end slavery 3. married to a man named stowe 4. Moved to Ohio and her husband taught at a seminary there right across from the OH river from Kentucky (a slave state)
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5. Harriet became acquainted with slavery when she moved to Cincinatti a. could observe and hear the evils when one owns another b. heard horror stories of ppl. seeking freedom, being captured, and taken back into slavery ii. Wrote it in magazine form then transferred to a book 1. sold a million copies 2. led to a formation of theatrical companies in the North to demonstrate what slavery was like a. created a level of awareness and opposition among the growing general public b. “Death” of the Whig Party (1852) i. developed in 1834/36 and had members in the north and membership in the south
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3.24.11 The Matopm Comes Apart - The Matopm Comes Apart...

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