3.29.11 Civil War voice over

3.29.11 Civil War voice over - Civil War A. The Election of...

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Civil War A. The Election of 1860 a. Republican Convention (Chicago) b. leading candidates c. Chase, William Sumner = hardcore members of republican party but closer to radical group that opposed slavery and abolish it i. not wanting to risk a controversial abolitionist Lincoln was selected ii. Select Abraham Lincoln- “moderate” 1. had a mark in Illinois politics 2. leave slavery where it is, but do not allow it to expand any further to other territories a. very consistent with general feeling b. kind of a radical wing 3. Limited to the north 4. didn’t believe in taking the constitution and opposing the continual existence of slavery 5. was somewhat protected by the 5 th amendment iii. opposition to the expansion of slavery 1. Also wanted to incorporate industrial revolution 2. wanted to tarrif 3. wanted to propose the passing of the Homestead Law 4. Use federal funds to build RR a. kind of a nationalist Hamiltonian Party iv. appeal limited to northeast/northwest 1. see original party principals 2. Oregon, Cali, but mostly northeast 3. d. Democrat convention (Charleston, SC): Select Stephen A. Douglas
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i. state with most rigid racial lines drawn, interracial sentiments were the most conflicted (south Carolina) 1. 2 parts a. who they select b. the platform that the party or candidate will run on (points and principals to win the support of Americans) i. the people can decided if they want slavery or not 2. looked like Douglas would be the nominee until the paperwork was presented in 1860. 3. there was the inclusion of popular sovereignty a. democrats split from democratic convention ii. when democrats made selection they decided on Douglas iii. There were some reservations 1. would he continue to push as a principal stand popular sovereignty or give in to the will of the majority of his party and abandon popular sovereignty and accept dred scott decision e. Party Platform: “popular sovereignty” f. southern delegates bolt and hold their own convention g. democrat party split b/c of difference of opinion of Pop. Sov. i. Douglas (northern democrats) 1. pro slavery& anti Pop Sov. ii. John Breckenridge (southern democrats) 1. Opposition to Pop. Sov., and no limitations on spread of slavery h. when 2 groups disbanded tensions had begun to rise i. nation was headed for political conflict but also maybe a physical/military conflict too ii. ppl. were extremely concerned iii. not a faction strong enough to bring both sides to compromise
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1. the ruble of the democrat party and fringe republican party = 3 rd political party (John Bell represented a compromise between the more radical southern and the relatively moderate but anti Pop. Sov. northern) i. Constitutional Union Pazrty i. “Compromise candidate”: John Bell 1. stand for constitution 2. sanctions slavery, can own humans, and is reinforced by supreme court 3. other principal: the Union a. do what we can to keep Union together b. work out like we did in 1820 and 1850 ii. 3 campaigns going on (2 democrats, 1 republican, 1 new party)
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3.29.11 Civil War voice over - Civil War A. The Election of...

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