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February 22 American History- begin of test 2

February 22 American History- begin of test 2 - Forging a...

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February 22, 2011 Forging a National Republic 6-1 1 Resolutions of the 2 nd continental congress- 1 st governing agency of US Randolph suggested that they needed the next 4 things in a proposal in 1775. Took about 6 years for committee to produce document that would be accepted. Colonies were rebelling against what they considered domination and tyranny from England. If they were going to create govt of their own they didn’t want the same gov’t they left. Declare independence Create an army Seek allies Create a new, independent government “Strong or Weak” Central Government? Weak- give states preponderance to determine their own affairs or strong..? They didn’t want to substitute one type of gov’t for another type. States were never attached to one another. No cooperative unity. Wanted to keep their own independence. 1781- Create “Articles of Confederation”- group of principles that would create a type of unified states to form a broader entity Very radical group 2. Models for the new government: England: Executive (Monarch) England: Bicameral Legislature (Parliament) England: judicial (Common Law) Colonies: Governor Colonies: Councils and Assemblies- representatives of group. All colonies had elected council to represent them Colonies: Judicial (English Law)- utilized common law John Locke- treatise on Government o Natural Rights- Life, liberty and property o Popular sovereignty- right to govern/rule rested with the people but had choice to choose elected representatives o Limited Executive authority- limited to point of protecting the natural rights of the people o Social contract- government was a contract between the people and its agents. Obligation of government to keep and honor that contract. Want a “Written” Document- American rebels wanted this. In England there is no written document down where you can see all the rights etc. Colonists wanted it in black and white and in sense a written contract between the people and the government 3. After 1774, Rebels develop “State Constitutions”
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Traditional Structures Individual Guarantees- Ex Bills of Rights Colonies in rebellion formed constitutions- most had normal structure Pennsylvania only had one branch of government All adhered to British Common Law 4. The Articles of Confederation (1781-1789): A temporary military alliance? Structure and weaknesses of the articles (see handout) Dissatisfaction with the articles- people thought this is not going to work… o George Washington as military dictator? As king? Create monarchy? Was a thought ut Washington didn’t want to be a military dictator or a king. o Effects of Daniel “Shay’s Rebellion” (1786)- former revolutionary officer headed group of dissasitfied farmers etc. March to force state legislature to stop taxing etc. Wanted their freedom. Put down in 1787 Make Laws, Execute laws and negotiate the legality of laws- Job of Governments One chosen official to preside over the congress.
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