2.22.11 Forging a National Republic Printed

2.22.11 Forging a National Republic Printed - i George...

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Forging a National Republic A. Resolutions of the 2 nd Continental Congress a. Declare Independence b. Create an army c. Seek allies d. Create new, independent government i. “strong” or “weak” central government? e. 1781- Create “Articles of Confederation” B. Models for the New Government: a. England: i. Executive (Monarch) ii. Bicameral Legislature (parliament) iii. Judicial (common law) b. Colonies: i. Governor ii. Councils and Assemblies iii. Judicial (English Law) c. John Locke- treatise on government i. Natural rights ii. Popular sovereignty iii. Limit4ed executive authority iv. Social contract d. Want a “written” document C. After 1774, Rebels develop “state constitutions” a. Traditional structures b. Individual guarantees
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D. The articles of confederation (1781 – 1789) a. A temporary military alliance? b. Structure and weaknesses of the articles (see handout) c. Dissatisfaction with the articles
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Unformatted text preview: i. George Washington as military dictator? As king? ii. Effects of Daniel “Shays’s Rebellion” 1786 E. (5) The Philadelphia Convention (1787) a. Revise the articles? b. Create new Document- Maintain secrecy c. Role of James Madison “Father of the Constitutions” d. Influence of Baron De Montesquieu i. Spirit of Law ii. Nature of Man: Selfish iii. Separation of Powers iv. Checks and Balances v. Virginia (Large State) Plan vi. New Jersey (small state) plan vii. Connecticut compromise viii.3/5 compromise ix. Create a s national government x. Comparison and contrast with the articles (see handout) e. The ratification process: i. 9/13 states needed anti-federalists- opposition ii. Federalists iii. The “Federalist Papers” 1. James Madison 2. Alexander Hamilton 3. John Jay...
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