2.22.11 Forging a National Republic voice over

2.22.11 Forging a National Republic voice over - Forging a...

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Forging a National Republic A. Resolutions of the 2 nd Continental Congress a. Served as a form of U.S. gov from time colonist declared independence until 1781 i. Was 1 st governing agency of the U.S. ii. Radical, no response to petitions after 1 st continental congress iii. Radical member issued a series of resolutions of what the colonies needed to do: declare independence, create army, seek allies, create new, independent government of what will become of the U.S. 1. Proposal was made in 1775 2. Took 6 years b4 committee could produce a document the 2 nd continental congress would accept 3. What do we want? 4. Why did it take so long? a. Colonies were rebelling against English domination intervening b. Rebelling against centralized gov. c. If they were to create own gov. they didn’t want to create the same type of gov. d. Didn’t want to be dominated by a central “distant” gov. b. Declare Independence c. Create an army d. Seek allies e. Create new, independent government i. “Strong” or “Weak” central government? 1. Strong gov- ppl obey 2. Weak- give states their own opportunity to govern their own affairs 3. They didn’t want to substitute one form of gov. for the other 4. Long argument
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5. Colonies were never attached to one another, never formed one cohesive unit; were all owned by crown. 6. Had no sense of unity b/c there had never been unity so they wanted to keep their own independence 7. System was created f. 1781- Create “Articles of Confederation” i. Group of principles that would create a unified collection of states. ii. They weren’t w/o models B. Models for the New Government: a. England: i. Executive (Monarch) 1. Head of state ii. Bicameral Legislature (parliament) 1. Represented the ppl of England iii. Judicial (common law) 1. Fundamental law of England b. Colonies: replicated this government. i. Governor ii. Councils and Assemblies 1. Representative groups 2. All colonies had an appointed council iii. Judicial (English Law) 1. English common law c. John Locke- treatise on government i. Natural rights- life, liberty, property 1. ii. Popular sovereignty
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1. Right to rule rest w/ the ppl 2. The ppl would have the privilege to choose/elect their representatives iii. Limited executive authority 1. The general principles of protecting the life, liberty, and property of the ppl. iv. Social contract 1. Government was a contract between ppl and it’s “agents” 2. Obligation of gov. agents to keep and honor the contract to respect the rights of the ppl. a. If not gov. would be changed v. Want a “written” document 1. Made them very different from England 2. English national archives: “I want to see a copy of the original English constitution” a. There isn’t one that has small series of principles and presteps b. It evolved over centuries and centuries 3. U.S. national archives 4. Want it written down in black and white what the relationship with the gov. and ppl. Will be
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2.22.11 Forging a National Republic voice over - Forging a...

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