4.5.11 Reconstruction with voice over

4.5.11 Reconstruction with voice over - Reconstruction:...

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Reconstruction: putting the Nation back together again after the civil war A. Reconstruction a. putting the nation back together again after the civil war B. Proclamation (1 Jan 1863) a. didn’t free all of the salves but indicated that the civil war had indicated its mission and had freed the slaves C. 13 th amendment (abolished slavery- Dec. 1865) a. go into effect in December after the war was over D. Lee’s Surrender- war’s end- April 1865 a. surrendered at afromatics court house b. April = war officially ends E. How would the nation be reunited? F. what is the status of the freed men and women? G. How would the “rebels” be treated? H. Who would decide? a. The president or congress? i. If congress made the decision would the moderate forces decide to make the transition back from rebellion to unification easy or more difficult ii. radicals had an agenda to incorporate former slaves into society iii. intention to allow the south to get back into the Union but punished those most responsible for the rebellion b. The radicals or the moderates? I. Abraham Lincoln a. was moderate, didn’t want slave to expand into the territories, didn’t have extremely tolerant or discriminating towards ppl. of color i. he thought that if slavery was ended then the freed African Americans should be moved back to Africa to avoid interracial conflict b. wanted to ease transition of bringing the south back to the Union
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c. “With Malice Towards None, and charity for all.” i. talking about the rebellion south, don’t create more hardships d. “10% plan” Dec. 1863 i. once the war was over, except for very high confederate officials and military officials, all southerners would receive a generous amnesty. ii. forgiving them for any crime that they had committed (bringing arms against the union) iii. Only if they took a loath of loyalty to the Union and to the Constitution to the U.S. 1. “I will be loyal to the Union” iv. Confiscated property that had been taken from the southern by the Union would be returned to their owners 1. the property that wouldn’t be returned were the salves v. when a number of citizens of any particular southern state had equaled 10% that had voted in the election of 1860, had expressed and given an oath to be loyal to the Union, then those states would then be allowed to call a state convention 1. write a new constitution 2. begin process to elect new political officials at state, national, and local level 3. elect representatives to the U.S. Congress a. could send senators to U.S. Congress and formally join the Union IF the members of Congress agreed to seat them vi. the residents of any particular state vii. Slavery would be ended but their political rights would be up to the southern states, the white majority would be allowed to deciede what to do with the liberated slaves viii.When slaves were liberated, the former slaves would be encouraged to be returned to Africa 1. never really went into effect though largely b/c he was assassinated shortly
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4.5.11 Reconstruction with voice over - Reconstruction:...

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