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4.7.11 - i sharecrop system 1/3 1/3 1/3 ii focus on cash...

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Transformation of the Postwar south “The rights and interests (of freedmen) will be safer if the great masses of intelligent white man are left alone by the federal government.” – President Rutherford B. Hayes, Fall 1877 By 1877, all southern states were “redeemed” – “Bourbon Redeemers” A. The “New South” – after the fall of “radical republican” governments the south was dominated by a “new elite”: industrialists, merchants, bankers, and railroad promoters a. The “Old Elite” (Planters) dominate rural areas B. Bourbon Redeemers: a. attack the “radical” programs as wasteful and corrupt b. continue corrupt practices c. continue corrupt practices d. negate freemen’s political gains and impose discrimination and segregation C. Agricultural aspects of the “New South” a. Broken promise of “40 acres and a mule” b. See need to revive plantation agricultural production and secure labor supply with
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Unformatted text preview: i. sharecrop system: 1/3 1/3 1/3 ii. focus on cash crops c. Consequences of this policy? d. Conditions of small independent farmers: i. “Crop Lien” system ii. focus on cash crops e. Consequences of this policy? D. Industrial development in the “new south” a. techniques for attracting capital investment b. new industrial development and traditional southern products: i. cotton -> textiles ii. tobacco -> cigarettes iii. timber -> furniture c. radical division of labor: black and white: i. agriculture ii. cigarette factories iii. textile mills/”mill towns” E. Radical politics and policies of the new south a. the fredmen and the “Jim Crow Laws” i. separation, segregation , apartheid b. loss of voting rights i. no secret ballots ii. economic pressure iii. physical intimidation: Ku Klux Klan, etc....
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