4.21.11 Notes with voice over

4.21.11 Notes with voice over - 4/21/11 Notes A. Political...

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4/21/11 Notes A. Political Reformers: a. Reformers: progressives who wanted to move the nation forward, and create an environment of change i. Change the nation of the crisis’s that the nation was facing at the time ii. If something didn’t happen politically and socially the U.S. couldn’t survive b. Destroy the big city “Machines” and “Bosses” i. Government was needed and people were caught in the crunch ii. Most corrupt were the big city Bosses 1. Political Bosses: operated strangle hold over city politics and controlled almost everything 2. Machines: were strangling democracy iii. The government needed to be returned to the people and away from the elite, machines, and bosses c. Return Government to “The People”: i. Direct primary elections 1. Need to change who gets to vote and run for office 2. Direct Primary Elections: 3. Today: a. Divided between democrats and republicans b. There may be a # of dems or repubs who want a particular office 4. Old Days (Machines) a. Determined who their candidate would be and of you were republican you had to vote for who was chosen by the machine b. Change: The people get to choose who they wanted to run ii. Initiate, referendum, recall 1. This should be a part of each states political process 2. Circulate petitions and force staets to follow certain laws
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3. Instead of legislature vote, they would get enough signatures to bypass legislature 4. Recall: a re-election at the state level for the most party a. If someone isn’t doing his job, you can circulate a petition and have another election to see if he/she should stay iii. “Australian” secret ballot 1. More honest and incorruptible method a. That way you won’t be judged on how you vote iv. “Scientific”/Professional political administration: City commission-City Manager System 1. Need a professional administrator 2. Began to talk about creating another official/administrator at the local level: A city Manager a. City Manager makes it more scientific and less official and hopefully less corrupt b. 1 st place to initiate a city manager was Galveston Texas i. Adopted a more professional approach 3. Political Science: Public administration v. Direct Election of U.S. senators 1. On agenda of political reformers 2. Don’t let corrupt legislatures manage the affairs of the political elite B. Humanitarian Reformers a. Wanted to improve, change, and save the following: b. Education reforms i. Professionalization of teacher training 1. Those who taught didn’t have professionalization 2. They didn’t go to college/upper level education; they “graduated” high school then went back and taught a. Never had professional training
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3. Requirements that there be a higher level degree of education 4. “Normal School”: College created to train teachers a. Illinois state University- located in Normal Illinois and was the only institution in the state to teach teachers at one time ii. What about the students? iii. Mandatory school attendance laws
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4.21.11 Notes with voice over - 4/21/11 Notes A. Political...

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