Communication Research Notes for Exam(1)

Communication Research Notes for Exam(1) - Communication...

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Unformatted text preview: Communication Research Notes for Exam #1 1/24/11 WAYS OF KNOWING How Do We Learn From the World Around Us?-Personal experience and indirect sources Traveling to another country- learning from the world around us Learning from other people o Mom telling us not to touch the stove o What other people get rewarded or punished for their behavior-We learn about probability, and cause and effect Desire for prediction- but can we understand the results? E.g., Why college is worth your time? Lucky streaks?-Tradition: because its always been that way Examples? Lecture, exam, graded, REPEAT o What are the drawbacks? Can make people less likely to look for better ways to do or learn things Can make us resistant to new ideas-Authority Parents, teachers, technology o EX: Little Britain secretary wouldnt change what the computer said a hip replacement instead of tonsils out, wouldnt talk to a person. What are the limitations of depending on authority? o Everyone and everything makes mistakes-Overgeneralizing My one experience proves that o People from one country are all the same-Inaccurate and selective observations We reinforce what we already know (or think we do) Liberals dont want FOX News o Monty Python t ried to return dead parrot, store owner wouldnt believe it was dead-Jim Believes My 4 year old nephew has been watching a lot of violent TV cartoon shows. I noticed he gets more frustrated and uses more bad language. I t must be the cartoons hes watching that are making him behave like this! How does he come to believe this claim? ANSWER: Personal experience-Ann believes Democracy is the only reasonable form of government. All societies that dont follow a democratic system are backwards, and we have a responsibility to team them the right way to do things. I ts worked so well for us How does she come to believe this claim? ANSWER: Tradition Judy believes Ive been trying to give up smoking forever. I bet those new smokeless cigarettes work if The Doctors give them a thumbs up? How does Judy come to believe this claim? ANSWER: Authority Problems with non-scientific beliefs-Based on limited knowledge limited observations-Tend to believe what is in our minds is the only truth-Intuitive thinking (it just makes sense)-Cognitive consistency Consistent with our beliefs-Authorities can make mistakes!-Times and conditions may changeso thinking has to be self correcting So, What is Real? We live in a state of nave realism most of the time Perspective: what is universal and what is relative in human experience?...
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Communication Research Notes for Exam(1) - Communication...

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