Week 2_Understanding Research in Society

Week 2_Understanding Research in Society -...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 9/27/11 Understanding Research in Society Comm 300: Week 2
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9/27/11 What we’ll  cover today Relationships between theory, paradigms and hypotheses What numbers mean, and why How numbers are used in different
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9/27/11 Review: Ø Theory: Describe what is and why Ø Social regularities § Observable patterns in social behavior
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9/27/11 Review: Characteristics of the Scientific  Replication - Can what you’ve seen be seen by someone else? Generalizability Does our study have meaning in another context?
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9/27/11 Thinking in the Social Sciences Paradigms: Ways of seeing the world that dominate at any one time. Theories: systematic sets of interrelated statements that explain an aspect of social life Hypotheses: Testable questions derived from theories
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9/27/11 Types of Scientific Inquiry:  Deduction  Deduction: Theory Observation C. Observation (data) A. Theory B. Hypothesis Problem l
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9/27/11 Types of Scientific Inquiry: Induction: Observation Generalization A. Observation (Data) C. Theory B. General Conclusion
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9/27/11 Types of Scientific Inquiry:  C. Observation (data) A. Theory D. Conclusion B. Hypothesis (Dis/Confirm a theory) Problem l
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9/27/11 What do numbers mean? They can have symbolic value (used to justify a course of action) They can have instrumental value (as an aid to planning) Statistics/numbers are often posed as “truth” and our society places high value
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Week 2_Understanding Research in Society -...

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