Political Soc 4 - Power and Culture - Anthropology

Political Soc 4 - Power and Culture - Anthropology -...

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Unformatted text preview: Egalitar ian Societies For most of human histor y, humans lived in hunting and gather ing gr oups. Aside fr om distinctions based on age and sex, ther e wer e minor differ ences among individuals and families in r ewar ds. Wealth Power Pr estige Ranked Societies The Agr icultur al Revolution (10,000 – 8,000 B.C.) cr eated mor e per manent settlements, an economic sur plus and mor e possessions. A limited number of r anked social positions emer ge. Wealth Power Pr estige Str atified Societies The I ndustr ial Revolution (middle of the 18 th centur y) cr eated lar ge inequalities in access to societal r ewar ds. Str atified societies var y in their cultur al beliefs about the possibilities of social mobility:- Classes in the United States - Castes in tr aditional I ndia Female Empower ment I ndex for Selected Nations (1.000 = full equality with men) Nor way .908 Japan . 531 Sweden .854 Russia .467 Nether lands .817 Chile .460 Austr alia .806 Venezuela .444 Canada .787 Ukr aine .411 United States .769 South Kor ea...
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This note was uploaded on 09/27/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 290 taught by Professor Jeffwilhelms during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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Political Soc 4 - Power and Culture - Anthropology -...

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