Nursing--Assessment - Test One Review Sheet Chapter 3...

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Test One Review Sheet Chapter 3 Cultural Competence 1.) Immigration : immigrants are people who were not U.S. citizens at birth. Numbers of immigrants have more than tripled since the 1990s. a. Immigrant populations: legal permanent residents, naturalized citizens, undocumented aliens, refugees, asylees, and parolees, legal nonimmigrant residents. 2.) Heritage : heritage consistency—a concept developed to describe the degree to which one’s lifestyle reflects his or her respective American Indian tribal culture. a. A determination of a person’s cultural, ethnic, and religious background, and socialization experiences 3.) Culture : a complex whole in which each part is related to every other part. The capacity to learn culture is genetic, but the subject matter is not genetic and must be learned by each person in his/her family and social community. a. 4 basic characteristics of culture: i. Learned from birth through the processes of language acquisition and socialization ii. Shared by all members of the same cultural group iii. Adapted to specific conditions related to environmental and technical factors and to the availability of natural resources iv. Dynamic and ever changing 4.) Subculture: within cultures, groups of people share different beliefs values and attitudes because of ethnicity religion, education, occupation, age, and gender. 5.) Ethnicity: pertains to a social group within the social system that claims to possess variable traits such as a common geographic origin, migratory status, religion, race, language, shared values, tradition, symbols, and food preference a. At least 106 ethnic groups and more than 500 american Indian nations in the U.S. 6.) Religion: 3 rd major component of a person’s heritage. A system of beliefs concerning the cause nature, and purpose of the universe. The belief in a divine or superhuman power or powers to be obeyed and worshipped as the creators and rulers of the universe. a. Quite often a determinant of ethnic group. b. Attendance and participation in a religious institution, prayer or meditation; and religious practices c. How religion influences health practices: i. Religious affiliation and membership benefit health by promoting health behaviors ad lifestyles ii. Regular religious fellowship benefits health by offering support that buffers and affects stress and isolation
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iii. Faith benefits health by leading to thoughts of hope, optimism, and positive expectation 7.) Values-Beliefs-Practices: religion may be seen as a shared experience of spirituality or as the values, beliefs, and practices that people are either born into or may adopt to meet their person spiritual needs through communal actions. 8.)
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Nursing--Assessment - Test One Review Sheet Chapter 3...

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