Chapter 0 Introduction to Occupational Safety 2011Fall

Chapter 0 Introduction to Occupational Safety 2011Fall -...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Occupational Safety Q. Wang, PhD Oklahoma State University 1 1. What is Occupational Safety • Protect the safety and health of people engaged in work or employment, and foster a safe work environment. • Interactions among many subject areas: Industrial Hygiene, Safety Engineering, Chemistry, Physics, Toxicology, Environmental Health, Industrial Relations, Public Policy etc. 2 Safety VS Health • • Safety Deals with acute effects of hazards Safety specialist with process experience and practical on­the­job knowledge • • Health Deals with chronic effects of hazards Industrial hygienists with sophisticated instruments and scientific expertise The goal is same: to eliminate hazards in workplaces 3 2. Objective Identify and reduce safety and health hazards Definition of Hazard The inherent potential in a material, a condition, and/or a situation, to cause damage to people, to the environment, and/or to property. 4 Identify Hazards in Workplace • Chemical hazards Acids, solvent, metals… • Physical hazards Radiation, noise, electricity… • Biological hazards Virus, bacteria… • Mechanical hazards Confine space, slips, falling… 5 Reduce Hazards in Workplace • • • Engineering Design Administration Controls Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Effectiveness 7 Hazard Controls Hazard Controls • Engineering Controls – Ergonomic design – Ventilation control – Process change • Administration Controls – Job timing & placement – Maintenance • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) – Respiratory, eye & hand protection 3. Federal Regulations and Standards 9 Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) 160 140 Fatalities 120 100 80 60 40 OSHA PSM Introduced in 1992 20 0 1990 1992 1994 1996 Year 1998 2000 Excludes Drugs, Alcohol and Medicine 10 10 National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) • NIOSH: a research agency specializing in occupational health and safety problems • NIOSH recommends new standards or changes in existing standards 11 11 The Code of Federal Regulations CFR consists of 50 Titles: Title 1: General Provision Title 2: Reserved Title 3: The President … Title 29: Labor … Title 49: Transportation Title 50: Wildlife and Fisheries 12 12 29 CFR 19XX • Everything pertaining to OSHA is located under • • Title 29, the Department of Labor. The numbers 1900­1999 are reserved for OSHA Almost all OSHA’s material can be found in section 1910. . 29 CFR 1910 146 This is NOT a decimal point 13 13 Standards Standards are drawn from recognized and generally accepted good engineering practices. Examples: – National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) – Compressed Gas Association (CGA) – National Electric Code (NEC) – American National Standards Institute (ANSI) – American Society of Testing Materials (ASTM) 14 14 NFPA Standards NFPA 1 NFPA 10 NFPA 11 NFPA 12 NFPA 13 NFPA 14 Uniform Fire Code Standard for Portable Fire Extinguishers Standard for Low, Medium, and High­Expansion Foam Standard on Carbon Dioxide Extinguishing Systems Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems Standard for the Installation of Standpipe, Private Hydrants, and Hose Systems Standard for Water Spray Fixed Systems Standard for Dry Chemical Extinguishing NFPA 15 NFPA 17 Systems NFPA 18 Standard on Wetting Agents 15 15 HAZCOM ­ MSDS • Material Safety Data Sheet OSHA 29 CFR 1910.1200 • Must be available at all times • What information should be available on MSDS? 16 16 MSDS ­ Information • • • Identity of the chemical Physical and chemical properties Classification of the hazard including type of hazard by name, PEL, TLV or other exposure limitations • Recommendations for safe usage • Information to guide emergency procedures 17 17 4. Summary 1. 2. 3. Definition of occupational safety Objective (ID and reduce hazards) Regulations and Standards – OSHA 29 CFR 19XX – NFPA XX & ANSI XX – MSDS 18 18 • Reading – Chapter 1: Safety through design 19 19 ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/28/2011 for the course FPST 2023 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '11 term at Oklahoma State.

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