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Unformatted text preview: Day 3 Notes How Does the Social World Work? Sociological Perspectives Structural Functionalism Macro-level Analysis (conservative political view)-Society is viewed as a complex system of parts that interact to perform various necessary functions-The maintenance of a given society requires consensus-Change is generally viewed as disruptive and gradual-Social structures evolve and adapt to new needs and demands Conflict Theory Macro-level Analysis (liberal political view)-views society as a struggle for resources and power-Change is inevitable, often beneficial and can be violent-Conflict between the classes determines social change-Conflict is universal; social consensus is limited and inequality is widespread-Competition over resources is characteristic of all human relationships-Structured Inequality = Those who benefit strive to maintain their advantage Symbolic I nteractionism Micro-level Analysis-Studies society through interactions within individuals and small groups-Human interaction between individuals is negotiated (via. Symbolic meanings)-Human interactions provide the opportunity for identity formation and socialization-Humans are social animals and require interaction...
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