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Living Language: An Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology , First Edition. Laura M. Ahearn. © 2012 Laura M. Ahearn. Published 2012 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Index accent, 28, 40, 109, 123, 135–6, 205, 220, 235, 268, 270 actor network theory, 158, 170, 278, 300n African American English (AAE), 15, 33, 39–40, 63–4, 214–15, 220–32, 236, 259, 271, 304n rule-governed nature of, 220–8 see also Ebonics agency, 23, 97, 151, 158–9, 166, 171, 175, 183, 239, 258, 261–4 , 277–89, 305n definition of, 278 grammatical encoding of, 281–3; see also ergativity see also discourse, meta-agentive Agha, A., 20, 124, 267, 271, 292n Ahearn, L.M., 33, 41, 151, 179, 285, 305–6n Aikhenvald, A.Y., 84 Alba, R., 143 Albanian, 136–7 Allen, T.W., 304n Alter, R., 301n Amazonian languages, 95–6, 111–12, 126, 128, 249, 297–8n American Anthropological Association Code of Ethics, 46–7, 295n Statement on “Race,” 215–16, 303n Anakalang, 277–9 anthropology, xi–ii applied, 48, 295n cultural, xi–ii, 22, 31–2, 35, 251–2 linguistic, as a discipline, xi–xiv, 8–9 Apache, Western, 13–14, 32 Appadurai, A., 157 Arabic, 93, 129, 192–3, 224–5, 244 , 302n Arrente, 88 Astington, J.W., 77 Auer, P., 132–4, 133 , 299n Austin, J.L., 8, 161, 164–70, 175–6, 183 baby talk, non-universal nature of, 50–2, 64 Baka, 77 Bakhtin, M.M., 3, 9, 134–5, 179, 243, 270–1, 291, 299n Bantu languages, 83 Page numbers in italics indicate illustrations.
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Index 337 Baquedano-López, P., 140 Baran, M., 304n Baron, D., 125, 252 Bartky, S.L., 264 Barton, D., 92, 117, 140, 142, 146, 156–8 Basso, K., 13–14, 32, 146 Bates, E., 53 Bateson, G., 278 Baugh, J., 214–15, 222–3, 228–31, 235, 304n Bauman, R., 126, 171–3, 176, 183, 302n Baxter, J., 211, 301n Baynham, M., 146–7 Becker, A., 180 Bengali, 16–17, 33, 244 , 299n Bennett, A., 241 Bennett, L., 300n Ben-Yehuda, E., 256 Bergvall,V.L., 190 Berlin, B., 84–5, 297n Besnier, N., 146, 151, 203, 300n Bialystok, E., 57 Bilaniuk, L., 40, 133–4 bilingualism, see multilingualism Bing, J.M., 190 Bittner, M., 282 Blackless, M., 190 Blommaert, J., 132, 137–9, 260 Bloomfield, L., 105 Boas, F., xi, 66–70, 95, 97, 105, 296n Bonvillain, N., 80 Booth, C.L., 40, 126–7, 132, 299n Boroditsky, L., 302n Bosnian, 123, 273 Bourdieu, P., 23, 158, 202, 223, 238, 262, 265–72, 289, 293n, 305n Bowerman, M., 86, 88–90, 297n Boyarin, J., 146 Brandt, D., 157–8, 300n Briggs, C.L., xii, 21, 36, 126, 172, 176, 183, 302n Brizendine, L., 199, 303n Brodkin, K., 218, 304n Bucholtz, M., xiii, 21, 38, 111, 116, 117–18, 195, 237–8, 260, 292n, 304n Bulgarian, 273 Butler, J., 162, 169–71, 183, 191–2, 301–2n Callon, M., 158 Cameron, D., 21, 96–7, 198, 202–6, 211–13, 251–2, 302–3n capital, symbolic, 202, 270–1 Caton, S., 302n Chase, C., 190 Cheney, D.L., 73–4 Cheshire, J., 224–5 Childs, G.T., 123 Chinese, 12, 121, 123, 229, 244 Ching, M.K.L., 296n Choi, S., 86, 88–90, 297n Chomsky, N., xiii, 8–12, 52–4, 104–5, 161–3, 183, 249 see also Universal Grammar (UG) Cipollone, N., 9, 11, 82 Ciscel, M.H., 40 code-mixing, 127, 131–4 code-switching, 15, 29, 40, 120, 127–34, 139, 221, 235, 299n Cohn, C., 93–4 Collier, J.F., 300n Collins, J., 92, 150, 157–9, 300n color terms, 80, 84–6, 96–7, 296–7n Comanche, 82 communication, 3 among Pirahã, 95–6 discipline of, xiii gendered nature of, 188–213 in Deaf communities, 121 mass-mediated, see mass-mediated communication multilingual, 135 of nonhumans, 73–4
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338 Index communication ( cont’d ) power in, 258–77, 289–91 referentiality as default mode of, 19 see also language communities, linguistic, see linguistic communities communities, speech, see speech communities communities of practice, 94, 101, 114–18, 121, 194–5, 201–2, 206, 211, 225, 260, 298n definition of, 115–16 see also linguistic communities; speech areas; speech communities; speech networks competence, 9, 11, 63, 124, 161–3, 171, 173, 268, 271
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