Discussion Questions - DQ Week #2 DQ #1 In comparing the...

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DQ Week #2 DQ #1 In comparing the views of David Hume, Immanuel Kant, Georg Hegel, and Arthur Schopenhauer, which view of experience seems closest to how you view the world? To Hume, experience is strictly sensual, and knowledge is only available through causality. Since you see the sun rise every morning, the truth must be that the sun rises every morning. In this sense, knowledge in Hume's view is based solely upon what information our senses can gather, and we infer knowledge out of it. Kant has somewhat of an opposite view: reason in particular is something given, that doesn't belong to "experience". To Kant the great categories of knowledge (time, space, etc) exist by themselves and are accessible through reason, not sensual experience. To him, the information gathered through our senses is of less importance than knowledge gathered through reason; in fact, kind of like Descartes, Kant doubts the reality of sensual stimuli. Hegel is a bit more complicated, but let me try. To Hegel the goal of any philosophical enquiry should be to find the Absolute, or in German, Geist , otherwise known as "Spirit". To Hegel knowledge is attained through comparing different things, or the concept of "identity in
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This note was uploaded on 09/26/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 270 taught by Professor Bruno during the Spring '11 term at University of Phoenix.

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