Phys205A_Lecture10

Physics for Scientists & Engineers with Modern Physics (4th Edition)

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Chapter 5 The Laws of Motion Force 1-st Newton’s Law Solutions HW2 Lecture 10
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Sir Isaac Newton z 1642 – 1727 z Formulated basic laws of mechanics z Discovered Law of Universal Gravitation z Invented form of calculus z Many observations dealing with light and optics z Inventor of the reflector telescope
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Force z Forces are what cause any change in the velocity of an object z Newton’s definition z A force is that which causes an acceleration
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Classes of Forces z Contact forces involve physical contact between two objects z Examples a, b, c z Field forces act through empty space z No physical contact is required z Examples d, e, f z In reality, the contact forces are short range field forces
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Fundamental Forces z Gravitational force z Between any objects z Electromagnetic forces z Between electric charges z Nuclear force z Between subatomic particles z Weak forces z Arise in certain radioactive decay processes z Note: These are all field forces
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More About Forces z It was noticed that for routine measurements a spring can be used to calibrate the magnitude of a force z It was noticed that stretch of the spring is proportional to the applied force: i.e doubling the force causes double the reading on the spring z When both forces are applied, the reading is three times the initial reading
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Phys205A_Lecture10 - Lecture 10 Chapter 5 The Laws of...

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