25_History 261_092611

25_History 261_092611 - ODS Code 25 History 261 9/26/11...

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ODS Code 25 History 261 9/26/11 Early Complex Societies (cont) Phoenicians (1000-800 BCE) at their height -Connected the Near East, the Mediterranean and N. Africa -They were travelers and merchants - Greeks called them Phoenicians because they traded a Tyrinian purple cloth=a royal fabric However, they called themselves Canaanites or Northern Canaanites They spoke an Afro-Asiatic language- similar to Sargon, Hammurabi, and Egyptian Semetic people Tyre, Sidon, and Byblos= important urban centers o Inventors of the Bireme o This and other factors made them very influential and at times very powerful o 2 stories for rowers=1 st large maneuverable ship for long distance travel Carried raw materials: cedar, pines; wines, spices, and fish; textiles, carved ivory, and glass; MOST IMPORTANT was cloth dyed with Tyrian purple-excretion from a shell=very difficult processes; royal color – it was associated with authority - Created the world first alphabet- no letters for vowel sounds
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This note was uploaded on 09/28/2011 for the course HIST 261 taught by Professor Carniello during the Fall '11 term at University of Tennessee.

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25_History 261_092611 - ODS Code 25 History 261 9/26/11...

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