Paper 1 - Langston1 Eric S. Langston Intro to Political...

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Langston1 Eric S. Langston Intro to Political Philosophy Dr. Steinberg Paper 1 February 18, 2010 How is Aristotle the father of Modern Conservatism? Aristotle’s philosophy thrived on the essence of the balance of power between the government and the people. Aristotle believed in this balance of power because he believed the state was an organic conception, and that the state was a living, breathing thing. He emphasized the notion that neither the oligarchy nor the democracy could obtain power of rule but the middle class. The supportive reasoning for this notion is that the wealthy class would only take notice of their interests while the poorer class lacked knowledge in regards to matters that affect the majority. Aristotle suggests that, “…the state is a community and it is the highest of all communities, which embraces all the rest, aims at good at a greater degree than any other, and at the highest good… Aristotle recognizes no basic difference between social and political associations. To him, all associations are political, inasmuch as they aim at a common good through joint action” (Ebenstein, 59-60). Modern conservatism emphasizes the importance of the states having boundaries that limited them in order to ensure that society and the people are not deceived by utopian ideologies (Eatwell, 52). Although modern conservatism followed some of the same customs of Aristotle’s forefathers, such as Plato, modern conservatism derives from Aristotle’s ability to place limits on the government, he introduced the concepts of equality, and Aristotle implemented the conception of a constitution. Therefore, Aristotle can not only be referred to as the godfather, but as the father of modern conservatism. Even though Aristotle believed that only certain individuals could take part in the political process, he believed that equality and difference should be able to cohabitate together.
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Langston2 According to Aristotle, “governments which have a regard to the common interest are constituted in accordance with strict principles of justice, and are therefore true forms; but those which regard the interest of the rulers are all defective and perverted forms, for they are despotic, whereas a state is a community of freemen” (Ebenstein, 84). Aristotle concurs that in order to have a successful state; the government must adhere to the common interest of the people. With the ideas that the state is the highest form of the community, Aristotle does acknowledge that family, and the individual to play a part in the life of the community, which is a living organism. The biggest suggestion that Aristotle makes, is that he believes that it take all parts of the
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Paper 1 - Langston1 Eric S. Langston Intro to Political...

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