Media Analysis Project

Media Analysis Project - Yip 1 Stacey Yip Professor Boatema...

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Yip 1 Stacey Yip Professor Boatema Boateng COGN 20: Section A04 12 November 2010 The Emergence of Chile On August 5 th , 2010, seven hundred thousand tons of rock collapsed and trapped thirty- three miners in the San Jose Mine of Chile. For seventeen days, no one knew that the miners were trapped. Once they were discovered, however, the wreckage was so great that it took an additional fifty-three days to design and build a device that could forage the disaster and rescue the miners. On October 13 th , 2010, the thirty-three miners were finally hoisted up and welcomed back into the real world after being trapped for sixty-nine days, making history for surviving such a long time underground. This event made headlines all over the globe, and coverage of the event was brought to national and local newspapers in America. Not all newspapers represent events in the same way, however. Newspapers and journalism in general tend to ‘frame’ the stories they present in a certain way. Media frames are defined as “persistent patterns of cognition, interpretation, and presentation of selection, emphasis and exclusion, by which symbol handlers routinely organize discourse, whether verbal or visual” (Gitlin 233). In other words, media frames are ways in which journalists’ reports come to have meaning, through their selections of what to include in their reports. Two local newspapers that demonstrate media frames are the San Francisco Chronicle and the Los Angeles Times in California. In the case of the Chile mine incident, the San Francisco Chronicle and the Los Angeles times can be compared and contrasted to show the ways in which framing takes place in newspapers. By analyzing articles between October 14 th and November 5 th , one can see that the Chile mine
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Yip 2 incident is not simply static. Through their articles’ tone and headlines, the San Francisco Chronicle frames the Chile mine incident as positive, allowing Chile to emerge as a new nation with an elevated status. In contrast, the Los Angeles Times frames the incident more negatively with its tone and headlines, implying that Chile is a nation stuck in its problems. The contrasting tones in the articles of the two newspapers frame the Chile mining incident in completely different ways. In the Los Angeles Times, the majority of the articles have some kind of negative tone to them. In “Chile’s rescued miners face reality checks aboveground,” the entire focus of the article is on the consequences the miners must face upon being rescued. Written the day after the celebratory event, the article starts out with the positive rescue but gradually shifts to a negative tone with every story of a specific miner – stories about men being “emotionally unstable” (Kraul and Goffard, Online) and wives vehemently opposing their husbands’ return to mining. The article ends with a quote by a journalist saying, “Hold on to them as you hung on to the capsule that brought you out. It’s the only way to survive this
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Media Analysis Project - Yip 1 Stacey Yip Professor Boatema...

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