Lecture Notes

Lecture Notes - Lecture: 9/23/10...

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Lecture: 9/23/10 Website/Announcements/Syllabus: http://thiscourse.com/ucsd/mus11 www.universityreaders.com/students Digital Audio Reserves Password: clarinet Folk music vs. Art Music o Art music – the audience comes to the musicians The music is the entertainment Generally know who the composer is Usually notated o Folk music – musicians come to the folk The music serves a function Don’t know who the composer is Generally handed down the generations Usually passed down orally Can be anonymous o Can have folk art music – playing folk music in an art setting Klezmer - contraction of two Hebrew words (Klez + Zimer) o Klez – vessel, something that holds something o Zimer – song o Together Klezmer – vessel of song Vessel of song meaning instruments Genre of music We are all klezmers, vessels of songs o Instrumental music o Not religious music but secular music
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Ethnomusicologist o People who study music in a culture FOUR ASPECTS OF ETHNOMUSICOLOGY ** o A belief system What does the culture believe in musically? Is music good or bad for the culture? When is it good/bad? Is it dangerous? Jewish culture – forbidden to have woman singer on same stage as men When is the music appropriate? When/where/and by whom is the music to be performed? How does the society treat musicians? What kind of status do they have? Musicians have a low status, not the music o Social organization How does the music and society fit together/organized The roles and status of the musicians – 6 categories of musicians Badkan – wedding entertainer of master of ceremonies for a wedding Klezmer musicians – instrumental musicians Cantor – sacred singer Meshoyrer – choir boy or cantor’s assistant Folk singers Theater performers o Material culture of music Physical parts of the music – the tangible things What instruments are used, printed music, sound recordings o Repertoire Content of the music – what did they play?
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What is Jewish music? Not about a place – has no home country Not about a person being Jewish Not about the language Israel national anthem? Not Jewish music What makes Jewish music Jewish? The purpose of the music Purpose doesn’t stay the same Look at Klezmer music, sacred music, theater music Experience of music o Peasants sing while they’re working o Middle class – some would play in amateur orchestra, play in army band o Rich upper class – go to symphony concerts, opera, travel around Discussion: 9/27/10 Course reserves: http://reserves.ucsd.edu/eres/default.aspx o Password: clarinet Basic Music Keywords o Rhythm – shared group of beats; movement of the song; cycle like a clock Meter – pattern surrounding a pattern ; different feeling between different meters Tempo – overall speed o
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Lecture Notes - Lecture: 9/23/10...

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