MUS Lecture Notes Part Two

MUS Lecture Notes Part Two - Lecture: 10/21/10 Read chapter...

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Lecture: 10/21/10 Read chapter 7 and 8 Yiddish Theater o Yiddish is language used in everyday speech, considered a jargon language Origins of theater in Europe o 5 th century Purim – holiday that celebrates story of Esther in the bible Put on little plays, could only do in courtyard outside (not in temple) Purimspiel – play of Purim o Haskalah opened up doors to people, made possible for Jews to fit into society they lived in In Russia, Tsar Alexander II took throne 1855* – modernized country, freed serfs, censorship was relaxed, restrictions were lifted to Jews, Jewish children no longer drafted into army by age 12, Jews were admitted into Russian universities; Allowed Yiddish theater to exist Ber Margoles (Berl Broder) – went around to different cities and entertain people in new way o Sing songs in pantomime, act in costumes – new kind of entertainment o Character portrayal of songs he sang o 1817-1880 o Became known as Broder Zingers *Abraham Goldfradn – known as father of Yiddish theater o Liked to write – writer/journalist o Tried to open up a shop o Publisher, established Yiddish newspapers Israel Grodner – was a Broder singer o Jassy o Birth of Yiddish theater 1876 – meeting between Grodner and Goldfradn – Goldfradn’s idea, Grodner helper
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o Held auditions for people o Goldfradn one of first persons to put women on stage Plays/theaters themselves o Goldfradn wanted it to be entertaining but also teach the masses – teaching as well as entertainment Called morality plays – all had some moral in story o Got actors from meshoyers, badkhans, Broder singers, also people who were trained in opera o Eventually wrote all the songs – directed, produced o Beginning was just short sketches, after awhile became full-length plays o Goldradn wrote 400 plays in his lifetime Two Kinds of Theater o Opera Supported by royalty Established place to go o Yiddish theater – folk theater No building to do in, just put up a tent and traveled around Theater went to the folk, would go from town to town Done in Yiddish – unusual because most others done in language of the country Orthodox Jews o Frowned upon Yiddish theater o Considered acting as a bad thing o Didn’t like that people were going to the theater not the temple 1881 Alexander II gets assassinated – Alexander III takes his place o Decided to forbid Yiddish theater o 1882 – mass immigration to America starting to happen
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o No more Yiddish theater happening in Russia o Goldfradn didn’t go to America right away – went to France and London London said you can have theater, but must rent a proper theater – cannot go from town to town with a tent Put big restriction on Goldradn o Expensive to rent theater o Couldn’t go to people so easily Yiddish theater in western Europe failed Went to New York No one’s interested in Goldfradn’s morality plays in NY – only want
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MUS Lecture Notes Part Two - Lecture: 10/21/10 Read chapter...

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