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Final Study Guide

Final Study Guide - L istening Be able to I dentify...

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Listening – Be able to Identify: DANCES: *Doina – free melody where you can improvise; cannot stand on own *Turkish – long short long long long *Freilach – 1,2,3 - 1,2,3 - 1,2 *Hora – 3 beats per measure JEWISH MUSIC FROM: *Spain (Ladino) *Hungary (Gypsy music) *Yemen (Only non-pitched percussion and voice) *Iraq (Oud – Arabic, Aramaic, Hebrew) Terms and people - What is it? Who were they? Use of instruments etc. *Shofar – ram’s horn Types of blasts: o Truah – 3 short notes o Shivarine – 9 notes (4-4-1) o Tikiah – one great big blast 6 Uses: o Call people to prayer o Frighten enemy in battle (ex. Jericho wall) o Religious ceremonies (ex. New year) o Sound the alarm o Rally the people – signal for people to come to square o Announce victory *Niggun The tune/melody that had spiritual purpose, way to communicate with God Created by the Tzadik *Folk Songs Anonymous composer Goes back to the 14 th century, traits that make it Yiddish got fixed around 16 th century Sung by people from community; produced by people from community not by trained musicians; anonymous Handed down orally from parent to child, generation to generation Not instrumentally accompanied, sang acapella *Jacob Gordin Started out in NY as a journalist, wrote for Yiddish newspapers On the side wrote plays, not musicals
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Translated Shakespeare into Yiddish and put in theater Tried to raise quality in Yiddish theater *Hassidic movement Pious Jews Music and dance were ways of communicating with God *Ethnomusicologist People who study music in a culture *Klezmer “Vessel of song” Instruments itself, us as humans, genre of music * Freygish mode Altered Phrygian mode *Haskalah - Misnagdim – Besht Haskala “Age of enlightenment” where everybody is worthy of knowledge (18
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Final Study Guide - L istening Be able to I dentify...

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