Final Review All Notes

Final Review All Notes - FINAL EXAM REVIEW Lecture 1:...

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FINAL EXAM REVIEW Lecture 1: 1/4/10 Justice vs. Injustice Idea of merit – that you deserve something, deserve payback; fundamental fairness Two dimensions of justice: Procedural and Substantive Substantive – getting what you deserve, but who deserves what? Procedural – opportunity to get heard, to be able to make case that you’re victim of injustice Ethical likeness – rules of justice can only be applied to human beings who are judged to be alike Justice claims are rooted in social struggles, usually by excluded groups struggles pushed society to look at ethical likeness Lecture 2: 1/6/10 Substantive – obtaining what one deserves Procedural – ability to be heard (essential for substantive); relatively easy to define and identify Social Contract –contract between society and state; basis is liberalism Liberalism – limitations on state power to protect individual rights Ethical Likeness Isaiah Berlin – political philosopher; wrote essay “Two Concepts of Liberty” – negative and positive liberty Negative Liberty – “freedom from”: constraints of power/arbitrary state power/arbitrary interference in your life; maintain social contract Positive Liberty – “freedom for” ability to direct your life; autonomy; self-determination Habeas Corpus – “present the body” (have to be charged for crime) Exodus 21 (Exodus 20: Ten Commandments their social contract) Rules of how people should treat each other Giving someone the same injustice; equivalence Equivalent retribution Penalty has to equal pain inflicted (punishment must match the crime) Element of mercy Matthew 5 If a man strikes you, don’t retaliate, turn the other cheek Slap in the face back then was terrible indignity – “You are barely human” New Testament provides rules of conduct against retaliation Surrender sense of retaliation to the Lord – assurance God is righteous judge Non-violent civil resistance MLK resisting non-violently appeals to sense of right Job Satan challenges God over Job’s piety because of his blessings Job loses everything but still serves God Lesson: We don’t know God’s will/plan; Ours is to trust in God; Justice is unknown Is something right just because God commanded it? – Paradox of Job story
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Lecture 3: 1/8/10 Natural Law – necessary law to live that all can follow; transcendence ex. Homosexuality abomination of natural law Can be used to justify neutral state, Declaration of Independence, inequality Universal vs. Contingent/Arbitrary – timeless/required vs. different Jim Crow – set of laws that Plucydices Want to stay neutral, Athens doesn’t care – neutral or take over There is no justice, only self-interest History is written by the victors Athenians use natural law as rhetorical device Appeal to natural law – if have power, should go Their definition of natural law – stronger one has to defeat weaker one if they have the chance Natural law is universal (applicable to everyone), transcendental, flexible
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This note was uploaded on 09/28/2011 for the course DOC 2 taught by Professor Wimberley during the Winter '08 term at UCSD.

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Final Review All Notes - FINAL EXAM REVIEW Lecture 1:...

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