COSF 100 Notes

COSF 100 Notes - Lecture 1: 1/4/11 • Macro Structures o...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 1: 1/4/11 • Macro Structures o State o Market – commerce o Civil Society – outside state or market and how people come together to make movement • Social Systems o Examples: family, religion, industry, employment, housing, education, healthcare, class, race, gender o Characteristics Structure/organization Rules/procedures Belief structures Public/private • Liberal Subjectivity – individual is the basis of society • Social Subjectivity – we are who we are because of our location in society/social relations Lecture 2: 1/6/11 • Liberal and Social Subjectivity o Main Concepts Marxist concept of historical materialism (class struggle) Liberal concept of liberty (individualism) • Karl Marx 1818-1883 o Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right 1843 o Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 o Theses on Feuerbach 1845 Feuerbach is a materialist, but still holds on to aspects of separation of human as thinking being vs. human as a sensuous being : • “The question whether objective truth can be attributed to human thinking is not a question of theory but is a practical question” o Practical world over abstract theoretical world • “Feuerbach resolves the essence of religion into the essence of man. But the essence of man is no abstraction inherent in each single individual. In reality, it is the ensemble of the social relations” o About social relations not about man’s capacity to think and theorize • “All social life is essentially practical. All mysteries which lead theory to mysticism find their rational solution in human practice and in the comprehension of this practice” • “Philosophers have hitherto only interpreted the world in various ways; the point is to change it” o Very invested in social change; relationship between philosophy and social change o Manifesto of the Communist Party 1848 1848 year of unrest Revolution against leaders Bourgeois and Proletarians “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles” • Class o A societal position within the modes of production and of exchange – the economic base of how we produce and exchange things o Class ranking vs. class relation Class is a social relation to other classes Class antagonisms: feudal/bourgeoisie • Merchant power – merchants gaining in power • Liberal ideas of individual rights vs. divine power of monarchs and nobility • Stages o Bourgeoisie under the sway of the feudal nobility o In the period of manufacturing proper, bourgeoisie serve either the semi- feudal or the absolute monarchy as a counterpoise against the nobility o “Since the establishment of Modern Industry and of the world market, [the bourgeoisie] conquered for itself, in the modern representative State, exclusive political sway” Class antagonisms: bourgeois vs. proletarians • Wage labor and exploitation o “The bourgeoisie cannot exist without constantly revolutionizing the...
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This note was uploaded on 09/28/2011 for the course COSF 100 taught by Professor Fields during the Winter '08 term at UCSD.

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COSF 100 Notes - Lecture 1: 1/4/11 • Macro Structures o...

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