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WL Paper 2 - Pham1*Introduction For the wild card exhibit...

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Pham 1 * Introduction For the wild card exhibit of the portfolio, I chose to submit an essay that I wrote in high school. This is my World Lit Paper 2, which was required for the International Baccalaureate diploma program. One of the books we read was Clarice Lispector's collection Family Ties, and our assignment was to choose one of the short stories to write an in depth commentary on. I selected the story with the same name as the collection, “Family Ties,” just because I felt that there were a number of things that I could discuss in my essay. The main reason I wanted to make this my Wild Card entry was because I wanted to take some of my previous writing and compare it to the work I've done this semester in English 1102. That way, I could closely examine my writing and see how much I've changed of improved in terms of literary essays. ------ Stephanie Pham H. Wilson IB English- WL Paper 2 26 February 2010 “Family Ties” Clarice Lispector addresses a spectrum of universal themes in her collection Family Ties. Various truths about the human condition and experience are prevalent throughout the short stories. In “Family Ties,” Lispector presents an awkward interaction between a daughter and a
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Pham 2 mother who are concluding the latter’s visit. The story, which gives the whole collection its name, explores the bonds that hold families together. In the text, Clarice Lispector conveys the idea that even though relationships between family members may lack intimacy, the ties that connect families together are still powerful due to feelings of obligation, and she creates this theme by employing literary devices such as diction and characterization. Lispector first generates the estranged feeling between mother and daughter through her diction. Catherine is taking her mother to the train station in a taxi and when it swerves in traffic, the two women accidentally crash into each other. Their reactions are atypical, because they are both surprised by the contact. The older woman lets out an exclamation, “as if overtaken by some irremediable disaster,” and looks at her daughter wondering “[if] some disaster [had] befallen Catherine too” (116). In fact, Catherine does consider the body contact somewhat of a calamity, as her response to it is to “quickly rearrange the suitcases and her handbag in her attempt to remedy the catastrophe as quickly as possible” (116). After the initial surprise, the two
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