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Unformatted text preview: Synovial Joints: Hip (Coxal) Joint-Several strong ligaments reinforce the capsule of the hip joint, including the iliofemoral, pubofemoral, and ischiofemoral ligaments.-The muscle tendons that cross the joint contribute to the stability and strength of the joint, but the majority of the stability of the hip joint is due to the deep socket of the acetabulum and the ligaments.-Ball-and-socket joint:- Head of the femur articulates with the acetabulum-Good range of motion, but limited by the deep socket and strong ligaments Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Mandibular condyle articulate with the temporal bone Two types of movement Hinge depression and elevation of mandible Side to side (lateral excursion) grinding of teeth Common Joint Injuries/ Sprains The ligaments reinforcing a joint are stretched or torn Partially torn ligaments slowly repair themselves Completely torn ligaments require prompt surgical repair (the damage ligament is removed and a muscle tendon can be stapled to the two articulating bones)...
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This note was uploaded on 09/28/2011 for the course CBIO 2200 taught by Professor Wenzel during the Fall '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.
- Fall '08