Speech Midterm Study Guide

Speech Midterm Study Guide - Speech Midterm Study Guide...

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Speech Midterm Study Guide Ch.1 Communication Contexts 1) Physical contexts -tangible/concrete enviro in which communication takes place, the place exerts influence on your message. 2) Social-psychological - the status of relationship between the two people, the roles people play and the cultural rules of society in which people participate in, grad party behavior vs. funeral 3) Temporal- Time of day or time in history in which communication takes place, Ex: paying compliment in middle of fight or before you ask for favor, timing 4) Cultural- beliefs, values, way of behaving that is passed down and how it affects every interaction and influence, what you say and how you say it. Source Receiver 1) Encoding-Decoding a. Encoding-act of producing messages, speaker/writer i. Code- putting your ideas into sound waves or in comp program b. Decoding- receiving message, translating sound waves into ideas, listeners/receivers c. ENCODING/DECODING HAPPENS SIMULTANEOUSLY 2) Competence a. Communication competence - knowledge of the social aspects of communication, includes knowledge of role of context in influencing content and form of communication messages i. Understand that certain contexts and with certain listeners one topic is appropriate and another is not ii. Appropriateness of touching, volume, physical closeness Types of Feedback 1) Positive-Negative a. Positive- smiles, applause, head nod, tells speaker that message is being received and should continue speaking same way b. Negative- frowns, boos, puzzled looks, tells speaker that something is wrong and adjustment needs to be made 2) Person focused-message focused
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a. Feedback may center on person “you’re sweet” or on the message “can you repeat phone number?” 3) Immediate-delayed- in interpersonal situations feedback happens immediately but sometimes in interviews you get feedback weeks later 4) Low monitored-High monitored- a. Low-spontaneous and honest reaction, interpersonal situations b. High-carefully constructed response designed to serve purpose, like boss asks you how you like job 5) Supportive-Critical- encouraging person to talk through affirmations or evaluating speech or coaching someone learning something new Feedforward Messages 1) Info you provide before sending primary message, reveals message to come 4 funtions a. To open channels of communication b. Preview the message c. Altercast-ask receiver to approach message in a particular role like if you were a single mother how would you feel about this. d. Disclaim-entice listener to hear message as you wish it to be heard rather than through some assumption that would reflect negatively on you. Types of Noise 1) Physical- interference that is external to both speaker and listener, interferes with physical transmission, screeching, illegible hand writing 2) Physiological- created by barriers with sender or receiver like visual impairment, hearing loss, physical barriers 3) Psychological- mental interference like preconceived ideas, wandering thoughts, biases,
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Speech Midterm Study Guide - Speech Midterm Study Guide...

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