WT 4e, chap 03-Development-chg

WT 4e, chap 03-Development-chg - chapter 3...

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Development over the lifespan chapter 3
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Overview Conception to year one Cognitive development Learning to be good Gender development Adolescence Adulthood The wellsprings of resilience chapter 3
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Prenatal development Conception 30 Hours 6 weeks 4 months chapter 3
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Agents that cross the placenta German measles X-rays and other radiation Sexually transmitted diseases Cigarette smoking Alcohol and other drugs chapter 3
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Physical abilities Newborn reflexes Rooting Sucking Swallowing Moro (“startle”) Babinski Grasping Stepping chapter 3
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Perceptual abilities Visual abilities Quickly develops beyond initial range of eight inches Can distinguish contrasts, shadows, and edges Other senses Hearing Touch Olfaction chapter 3
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Culture and maturation Many aspects of development  depend on customs Baby’s ability to sleep alone Recommendation to have babies sleep on their back has caused  many babies to skip crawling. chapter 3
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Attachment A deep emotional bond that an infant develops with its  primary caretaker Contact comfort In primates, the innate pleasure derived from close physical contact The basis of the infant’s first attachment Tested using strange situation A parent-infant “separation and reunion” procedure that is staged in a  laboratory to test the security of a child’s attachment chapter 3
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Types of attachment Secure A parent-infant relationship in which  the baby is secure when the parent is  present, distressed by separation, and  delighted by reunion. Insecure A parent-infant relationship in which  the baby clings to the parent, cries at  separation, and reacts with anger or  apathy to reunion. chapter 3
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What causes insecure  attachment? Abandonment and deprivation in the first two  years of life Parenting that is abusive, neglectful, or erratic Child’s genetically influenced temperament Stressful circumstances in the family chapter 3
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Language development Acquisition of speech begins in the first few  months. Infants are responsive to pitch, intensity, and sound. By 4-6 months of age children can recognize  their names and repetitive words. By 6-12 months they become familiar with  sentence structure, start babbling. chapter 3
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By 11 months, infants use  symbolic gestures. About 12 months, infants  use words to label objects. 18-24 months, toddlers  combine 2-3 words into  telegraphic speech. chapter 3
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This note was uploaded on 09/28/2011 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Cusaac during the Fall '08 term at South Carolina.

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WT 4e, chap 03-Development-chg - chapter 3...

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