Anth 2 Notes

Anth 2 Notes - not very complete.

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ANTHRO 2 LECTURE NOTES Lecture 9/24 What is anthropology? - dinosaurs - indiana jones - far side cartoons What anthropologists think - unified version of human life: biological, society, culture - universals and particulars - question the assumptions - reflect upon our own society How anthropologists Work: Methods - ethnography: participation in and study of the daily life of other people - to understand what is “taken-for-granted” - ethnographic techniques - observation and participation - conversation and interviews - archives and documents - field journal What anthropologists study? - elsewhere - somewhere other than North America or Europe - the other - foreign culture, people not like you - daily life - culture - set of ideas and beliefs in a society Where Anthropologists work - development (NGOs, Banks) - Governments - work on natural resources, agriculture, etc. - Universities - Business Lecture 9/27 4 types of anthropologists: - social/cultural - physical/biological - archeological - linguistics Humans in Time and Space - anatomically modern humans - 2000,000 years ago - agriculture - 10,000 years ago - complex societies - 6,000 years ago - industrial rev - 200 years ago
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- computers - 50 years ago - genetic engineering - 20 years ago Four Field Approach - carried over from the early years of the discipline - helps us make sound conclusions about “human nature” - comparative method - comparisons between groups in present and past - (pre) historical perspective Physical Anthro - Human biological diversity - evolution of bodies - genetics - plasticity - primatology - reconstruct cultural/social aspects of human evolution Archeology - artifacts - deposition - stratigraphy - geological layers - preservation - when you find artifacts you need to think about what didn’t preserve - example: only stone tools are left over because soil is too acidic for anything else to be preserved - Materiality of Archeology - environment/economy - long-term social change - social relations? ideas? Linguistics - Historical Linguistics - ancient languages - variation through time - able to chart and create maps showing migrations of people based on languages - Sociolinguistics - relationships between social and linguistic variation - associate the differences in language with social differences and ideas about the ways to speak Social/Cultural Anthropology - Ethnography - fieldwork in a particular culture - descriptive - specific - Ethnology - cross cultural comparison - synthetic - takes an array of info and tries to come to some sort of gener- al conclusion about it - based on already collected data
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Holism and the Four Fields - examples of questions that involve biology, culture, and society: - what biological changes enabled language? -
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Anth 2 Notes - not very complete.

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