Matlin Chapter Reviews FINAL

Matlin Chapter Reviews FINAL - Katherine Stewart 5827...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Katherine Stewart 5827 Chapters 6-13 Matlin Chapter 6 Review 1. memory strategy – deliberate, goal-oriented mental activity used to improve encoding and retrieval All memory strategies discussed in this chapter are associated with deep levels of processing. Encoding is facilitated by methods such as elaboration and distinctiveness , both of which allow you to process the information at a deeper level rather than simply using rehearsal as a technique for acquiring knowledge. This chapter also places particular emphasis on mnemonics , which are mental strategies designed to improve your memory. Mnemonics use deep levels of processing to aid in recall tasks. Imagery mnemonics such as the keyword method and the method of loci use deep levels of processing to help aid recall of material. Thinking of the material that needs to be acquired in terms of visual images engages the visuospatial sketchpad and therefore engages deeper levels of cognitive processing. Organizational mnemonic techniques include chunking, hierarchy, the first- letter technique, and the narrative technique. These four techniques are ways in which organizing the information to be remembered increases the amount of recall of the material. By organizing information in familiar formats, it engages deep levels of processing, and increases the likelihood of recall. metacognition – knowledge and thoughts about one’s own cognitive processes, as well as control of those cognitive processes Deep processing is also important in metacognition. For example, metamemory cannot function well without employing the strategies of deep levels of processing. All aspects of metacognition benefit from deep processing because when your control of cognitive processes is only backed by shallow levels of processing phenomena like the foresight bias (overestimating the number of correct answers you will supply on a future test) or the tip of the tongue phenomenon (when you are confident you know the word you are searching for but cannot seem to recall it) occur. 2. Some memory-improvement techniques from this chapter were: a. self-reference effect – I will use this technique to remember ways to improve my metamemory because one section talked about the benefits of leaving behind external memory aids such as post-it notes and I do this quite frequently. b. total-time hypothesis – I will use this technique to study for the final because I am going to spread out my studying over a week rather than just the night before. c. testing effect – I will benefit from this review, which is similar to a test, and I will also create practice test questions to help myself. d. keyword method – On subjects that are unclear I will use mnemonic devices such as the keyword method to help me remember them. e.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/28/2011 for the course PSY 108 taught by Professor Revlin during the Summer '10 term at UCSB.

Page1 / 17

Matlin Chapter Reviews FINAL - Katherine Stewart 5827...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online