Emile Durkheim

Emile Durkheim - Religion, moral dimension (shame against...

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Emile Durkheim Structural/functionalist theorist o Founded sociology as an academic discipline o Society can be understood via social facts That “ which is general over the whole of a given society whilst having  an existence of its own, independent of its individual manifestations” We create, and what we create exists in and of itself. We create norms, laws, and now they exist and we interact with  them Division of Labor   o Mechanical Solidarity Based on sameness (collective consciousness) Look out for one another Low/no division of labor Everyone helps out with everything and everyone should Repressive laws People who put people back in their place
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Unformatted text preview: Religion, moral dimension (shame against God) Shaming people, often public People less likely to break the law, keeps the society together o Organic solidarity Based on individuality People dependent on one another High division of labor Work and labor are specialized and people become experts in particular fields Restitutive laws Away from church and morals Punitive, pay a fine, go to prison, etc. Not necessarily built on shame, not always public Moving toward protistantism, more scientific, away from traditional moral society to one that is more suculant...
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