Running head: COMPARISON AND CONTRAST BETWEEN SIMMEL AND DU BOIS 1Christina RichComparison and contrast between Simmel and Du BoisClassic Sociological TheoryApril 14, 2016
Comparison and contrast between Simmel and Du Bois 2AbstractThe purpose of this essay is to contrast and compare and contrast Simmel’s notion of The Strangerwith Du Bois’s notion of double consciousness. Key elements to this essay will aim to answer the following questions: what similarities these concepts share, and how they differ. Included is also a discussion of Du Bois’ concept of the veil.
Comparison and contrast between Simmel and Du Bois 3This essay will first examine the manners in which The Strangerand double consciousness pertain to one another. The notion of “The Stranger” by Georg Simmel is largely based on the concepts of social geography, distance and social types. According to Simmel, social types include the stranger as well as: the miser, the spendthrift, the adventurer, and the nobleman (Ritzer, 2009, p.247). The stranger and Du Bois’ theory of double consciousness or “Twoness” compare and contrast in several ways. According to Ritzer, double consciousness is defined as “that a black person has an unusual feeling, a sensation of always looking at one’s self through the eyes of others” (Ritzer, 2009, 327). Du Bois believed that sociology should be “value free”. In sociology the term value free means to hold “the view that a sociologist's personal values or beliefs should not influence social research” (Henslin, 2013). Simmel and Du Bois both believed in obtaining objectivity in their theories, and in society. They both spoke about the separation and segregation from society in their concepts. In my opinion, both sociologists embody the essence of the perception an individual may have while experiencing the lacking of a sense of belonging.