{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Lecture 3 The Great Escape from Hunger

Lecture 3 The Great Escape from Hunger - Lecture 3 The...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–11. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Lecture 3 The Great Escape from Hunger: The Transformation of European Agriculture1500-1900 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rAaWvVFERVA
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Why the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse? War Famine Pestilence Death Let’s closely inspect Campbell’s 2010 Charts
Image of page 2
By 1800, British agricultural productivity is 25-30% greater than France (Allen, 1994) Enclosure of fields: 1500, 45% 1800, 82% Larger farms: 1500, 30 acres 1800, 150 acres Increased tenancy. Large estates with tenants who employ farm workers. Agricultural output 1700 value £40 million £135 million in 1850 Land 1700 1850, 21 30.5 million acres Labor 1700 1850 1.55 million 1.52 million Capital 1700 1850 £183 million £353 million Output 237%, Land 45%, Labor 0%, Capital 93% Technological Change?
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Technological Advances Improved seed quality Better planting, seed drills More livestock = more manure More legumes, peas & clover—fixing nitrogen Marling, lime, drainage Farm size---a rise in great estates with large tenanted farms---more efficient size, more men, fewer women and children, use of wage labor by tenant farmers.
Image of page 4
The Enclosed Countryside
Image of page 5

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
English Farm Laborer in Cumbria sowing oats and a Farmer (tenant) and the landlord’s residence (Holkham Hall, circa 1900)
Image of page 6
Comparative Performance
Image of page 7

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Comparative Performance
Image of page 8
Persistence of British agricultural productivity lead well into the early 20 th century
Image of page 9

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
More Productivity = Higher Wages When did Britain begin to escape?
Image of page 10
Image of page 11
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}