Lecture 3 The Great Escape from Hunger

Lecture 3 The Great Escape from Hunger - Lecture 3 The...

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Lecture 3 The Great Escape from Hunger: The Transformation of European Agriculture1500-1900 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rAaWvVFERVA
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Why the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse? War Famine Pestilence Death Let’s closely inspect Campbell’s 2010 Charts
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By 1800, British agricultural productivity is 25-30% greater than France (Allen, 1994) Enclosure of fields: 1500, 45% 1800, 82% Larger farms: 1500, 30 acres 1800, 150 acres Increased tenancy. Large estates with tenants who employ farm workers. Agricultural output 1700 value £40 million £135 million in 1850 Land 1700 1850, 21 30.5 million acres Labor 1700 1850 1.55 million 1.52 million Capital 1700 1850 £183 million £353 million Output 237%, Land 45%, Labor 0%, Capital 93% Technological Change?
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Technological Advances Improved seed quality Better planting, seed drills More livestock = more manure Marling, lime, drainage Farm size---a rise in great estates with large tenanted farms---more efficient size, more men, fewer women and children, use of wage labor by tenant farmers.
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The Enclosed Countryside
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English Farm Laborer in Cumbria sowing oats and a Farmer (tenant) and the landlord’s residence (Holkham Hall, circa 1900)
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Comparative Performance
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Comparative Performance
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Persistence of British agricultural productivity lead well into the early 20 th century
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When did Britain begin to escape? How well off were the British before the
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This note was uploaded on 09/29/2011 for the course ECON 343 taught by Professor Moondra during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

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Lecture 3 The Great Escape from Hunger - Lecture 3 The...

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