Lecture 6 The Standard of Living F11

Lecture 6 The Standard of Living F11 - Lecture 6 The...

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Lecture 6: The Standard of Living during the British Industrial Revolution Fall 2011
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Stellar Performance? From 1780 to 1860, British per capita incomes rise from £11 to £28, a 155% gain, unparalleled in history. But what about the Distribution of Income and Wealth? Health? Pollution? Do a few, the majority or the many benefit?
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Globalization—Spread of Industry today Do the workers of poor countries benefit?
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Look at the Epicenter of Industrialization—Britain 1780-1860 Very rapid industrialization Explosive population growth Rapid Urbanization Measure income, wealth and distribution over long period---a “completed” episode Alternative measures of well-being: literacy, health (height), institutions
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Oliver Goldsmith (1724-1774), Poet The Deserted Village Sweet Auburn! loveliest village of the plain, Where health and plenty cheered the laboring swain…. . How often have I paused on every charm, The sheltered cot, the cultivated farm, The never-failing brook, the busy mill, The decent church that topped the neighboring hill, The hawthorn bush, with seats beneath the shade, For talking age and whispering lovers made. How often have I blest the coming day, When toil remitting lent its turn to play, And all the village train, from labor free, Led up their sports beneath the spreading tree; While many a pastime circled in the shade, The young contending as the old surveyed; And many a gambol frolicked o'er the ground…. . Ill fares the land, to hastening ills a prey, Where wealth accumulates, and men decay:
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Friedrich Engels(1844) The Condition of the Working Class in England , “Manchester is the regional capital of South Lancashire and the class home of English industry. It is the masterpiece of the Industrial Revolution…. .A hundred years ago this region was to a great extent thinly populated marsh-land. Now it is covered with towns and villages and is the most densely-populated part of England. In Lancashire—particularly Manchester---is to be found not only the origin but the heart of the industry of the United Kingdom.” “The evolution of the modern system of manufacture has reached its climax in Manchester. It was in South Lancashire cotton industry that water and steam power first replaced hand machines. It was here that such machines as the power-loom and the self-acting mule replaced the old hand-loom and spinning wheel.”
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Engels (1844) In the circumstances it is to be expected that it is in this region that the inevitable consequences of industrialisation in so far as they affect the working classes are most strikingly evident. Nowhere else can the life and conditions of the industrial proletariat be studied in all their aspects as in South Lancashire. Here
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Lecture 6 The Standard of Living F11 - Lecture 6 The...

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