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Haiti - Haiti first independent black republic Indigenous...

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Haiti – first independent black republic - Indigenous Native Americans (Taino) replaced with/wiped out by Europeans and enslaved Africans - Arawak from Taino still present - Sugar-cane plantations slaves - Heavy European influence. Many musical performances imported from Europe, particularly France - Some slaves drafted as entertainers for wealthy planters. Slaves themselves couldn’t participate/wat performances - Most slaves music-making was West/Central African based. Tanbou drums design based on African dr o Ogan: struck piece of metal o Tcha-tcha: gourd shaker o Lanbi: blown conch shell - Afranchi: light-skinned free people. Legal advantages over slaves. Identified themselves with France - Slave resistance to French: o Ran away to mountainous regions o Attack French plantation system - Haitian revolution: colonial period ends. Afranchi in political power Creolization in Haiti: Language - Mixture of language. French, African, Spanish, Portuguese, English -
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