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Unformatted text preview: Tim Joo 10 Identifications (10 Points Each) Tuesday September 28, 2010 New Testament EXAM ONE Texts and Canon:- Textual Criticism of the NT- manuscripts – They are handwritten copies of literary text. New Testament manuscripts were used to create the New Testament canon. They are often the earliest writings and are original copies. There are over 5,700 Biblical manuscripts.- textual variant – I t arises when people write different translations of the scriptures. People may interpret the words differently compared to others and there could be mistakes or changes between translations. Translators may make accidental errors when reading the scriptura continuo. An example of an addition that people have made is the ending of Mark (16:8).- scriptua continuo – A style of writing they used during ancient times that involved no use of spaces or punctuation. This often created textual variants. People would make accidental errors by creating repetitions or omissions. An example of an addition that people have made is the ending of Mark (16:8).- Codex Sinaiticus – The oldest surviving manuscript of the entire New Testament. I t is written in scriptua continuo and some parts are missing. This manuscript includes The Shepherd of Hermas and the Epistle of Barnabas , books that were considered part of the New Testament by some Christians.- NT Canon- apocrypha – An additional twelve books to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) accepted by the RCC . This term is usually used by Protestant Christians. Some books that are included in this writing are Tobit, Judith, 1 and 2 Maccabees, which are called “Deuterocanonical,” meaning they became a part of the canon later than the books of the Hebrew Bible. Greco Roman World: ‐ Tim Joo 10 Identifications (10 Points Each) Tuesday September 28, 2010 New Testament EXAM ONE- Roman Empire (nature and extent of rule) – A republic governed by an aristocratic oligarchy called the Senate, which was made up of the wealthiest and most influential members of its highest class. They grew strong militarily and eventually conquered the entire I talian peninsula and then acquired control of the entire Mediterranean region. Caesar’s adopted son Octavian, assumed full control after Caesar’s assassination and became an emperor who wielded virtually supreme power.- Hellenization – A process that involves the adoption of Greek culture and religion throughout cities. This was used by Alexander the Great during his campaign in Europe. I t involves the ideas of wanting to unify everything and promotes cosmopolitanism.- Alexander the Great – One of the most significant world conquerors in the history of Western civilization. He was a Macedonian and succeeded to the throne at the age of twenty. He was a brilliant military strategist and quickly conquered most of Asia Minor and then Egypt. He first proposed the idea of cultural unity among his conquered lands, where historians later coined this idea as “Hellenization.”-...
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- Spring '08
- Judaism, bible, New Testament, OLD TESTAMENT, New Testament EXAM